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bgr_708332 - SICILY - SYRACUSE Hemilitron

100.00 €(Approx. 109.00$ | 83.00£)
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Type : Hemilitron
Date: c. 405 AC.
Mint name / Town : Syracuse, Sicile
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 17 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 3,72 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Flan ovale, centré. Joli portrait. Usure régulière. Patine vert foncé


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête d'Aréthuse à gauche, avec boucles d'oreille, la chevelure relevée, retenue par l’ampyx et le sphendoné ; derrière la tête, un petit dauphin.


Reverse description : Roue à quatre rayons avec moyeu central ; légende dans les deux cantons supérieurs et deux dauphins affrontés dans les deux cantons inférieurs.
Reverse legend : SU-RA.
Reverse translation : (Syracuse).


Ce type de bronze est contemporain des décadrachmes de Kimon et d’Évainète de Syracuse. Sur certains exemplaires, nous avons un dauphin derrière la tête d’Aréthuse comme ici.

Historical background


(405-367 BC)

Dionysius the Elder (405-367 avant J.-C.)

During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC), Syracuse had to face on his land the dreaded Athenian expedition from 415 BC Nicias and Alcibiades. After the first recall, the Athenian fleet was sunk in the harbor of Syracuse and the Athenians were defeated on Assinarios in 413 BC, Nicias killed and the survivors of the Athenian army condemned to forced labor in stone quarries (latomie). In 409, the Carthaginians invaded the island again and seized Selinus and Himera and Agrigento in 405 BC Dionysius of Syracuse seized power and drives the invaders in 397 J .-C. reign of Dionysius lasted another thirty years and is Timoleon who succeeded him.

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