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Live auction - fme_476241 - SECOND EMPIRE Médaille pour services rendus

SECOND EMPIRE Médaille pour services rendus AU
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Estimate : 300 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 10 April 2018 17:11:11
Type : Médaille pour services rendus
Date: 1867
Mint name / Town : 75 - Paris
Metal : copper
Diameter : 67,5 mm
Engraver PONSCARME Hubert (1827-1903)
Weight : 162,6 g.
Edge : lisse + abeille CUIVRE
Coments on the condition:
Présence de coups et rayures. Tache verte au revers
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : NAPOLÉON III - EMPEREUR.
Obverse description : Tête laurée de Napoléon III à gauche; signé : H. PONSCARME F..

Reverse


Reverse legend : EXPOSITION. UNIVERSELLE. DE. MDCCCLXVII. A. PARIS. // POUR SERVICES RENDUS.
Reverse description : Deux angelots soutenant un cartouche inscrit PRINCE / PONIATOWSKI , avec une couronne de laurier au-dessus et l’aigle impérial en dessous; signé : H. PONSCARME.

Commentary


Médaille attribuée au prince Poniatowski, pour services rendus à l’occasion de l’Exposition Universelle de 1867. Joseph Poniatowski (1816-1873) est fait prince Poniatowski de Monterotondo en 1847 par le grand-duc de Toscane. Il est musicien et artiste lyrique, ainsi que diplomate et homme politique, naturalisé français sous le second empire.

François Joseph Hubert Ponscarme, dit Hubert Ponscarme, né à Belmont-lès-Darney 20 mai 1827 et mort à Malakoff le 28 février 1903, est un sculpteur et médailleur français. C’est le graveur des monnaies d’or de Monaco frappée fin XIXe siècle (20 francs et 100 francs).

L'Exposition universelle de 1867, également appelée Exposition universelle d'art et d'industrie, est chronologiquement la septième Exposition universelle et la seconde se déroulant à Paris après celle de 1855. Elle s'est tenue du 1er avril au 3 novembre 1867 sur le Champ-de-Mars, à Paris. 41 pays étaient représentés à l'Exposition.

Historical background


SECOND EMPIRE

(2/12/1852-4/09/1870)

Proclaimed emperor under the name of Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon made his solemn entry into Paris December 2, 1852. He married Marie Eugenie de Montijo, a Spanish aristocrat, in January 1853. His reign can be divided into three periods: the authoritarian Empire until 1860, the Liberal Empire from 1860 to 1870 and the Parliamentary Empire in 1870. During the authoritarian Empire, Napoleon III exerts its unchallenged power, control the press while newspapers practice self-censorship to avoid deletion. Prefects exercise unlimited power in the departments, mayors, civil servants are appointed by the government. As under the First Empire, Education and the University are monitored. Now the main principles of the revolution, the people's sovereignty is continued through consultation by plebiscite. On the economic front, the growth is important, industrialization develops and credit agencies and department stores. Military prestige is enhanced by the Crimean War that allows France to play an international role. The attack Orsini (January 1858) does not preclude the France to intervene in Italy to overcome the principle of nationalities and allows the annexation of Nice and Savoy by the Treaty of Turin (March 1860). In 1860, the Empire is moving towards more freedoms: free trade treaty of commerce with England, the appearance of a weak opposition in the Legislature, granting the right to strike (1864), liberalization of the press (1868). On the international level, France acquires New Caledonia, Cochin and encourages digging of the Suez Canal by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Mexico, support for Maximilian and Austria, however, is a failure. The elections of 1869 are very bad for the regime and the opposition gets 45% of votes. The system then evolves towards a parliamentary Empire calling Émile Ollivier, chief Orléanist and Liberal party in power. After Sadowa in 1866 when Prussia crushed Austria, the case of the throne of Spain and the Ems telegram lead to war was declared July 19, 1870. Accumulating setbacks, the French army was surrounded in Metz and Napoleon III, sick, capitulated at Sedan on September 2. As soon as the news was known, the decay of the Empire is announced by Gambetta and the Republic was proclaimed on September 4. Napoleon III was then taken captive in Hesse and share in Kent, where he died in 1873.

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