+ Filters
New Search
Filters
Available Exact wording Only in the title
E-shopLoading...
GradeLoading...
PriceLoading...

fme_615503 - SECOND EMPIRE Médaille de l’Exposition Universelle

SECOND EMPIRE Médaille de l’Exposition Universelle XF
140.00 €(Approx. 163.80$ | 119.00£)
Quantity
Add to your cartAdd to your cart
Type : Médaille de l’Exposition Universelle
Date: 1855
Mint name / Town : 75 - Paris
Metal : copper
Diameter : 68 mm
Engraver Caque F
Weight : 167,7 g.
Edge : Lisse + main CUIVRE
Puncheon : main indicatrice (1845-1860) et CUIVRE
Coments on the condition:
Patine marron avec des coups et rayures. Beaux reliefs malgré une légère usure sur certains reliefs
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : EUGÈNIE IMPÉRATRICE. NAPOLÉON III EMPEREUR.
Obverse description : Bustes accolés d’Eugénie et Napoléon III; signé : CAQUE. F. / GRAVEUR DE S.M.L’EMPEREUR.

Reverse


Reverse legend : PALAIS DE L’INDUSTRIE, (LÉGENDE SUPÉRIEURE); COMMENCE 10 FÉVR : 1853. ACHEVÉ AVRIL 1855. / NAPOLÉON III EMPEREUR / A. FOULD, CTE DE PERSIGNY, MAGNE / MINISTRES. / VTE DE ROUVILLE DIRECTEUR. / ARDOIN, RICARDO, BOUISSIN ADMIN / VIEL ARCHIT: BARRAULT ING / GERVAIS ET CNE EDIT., (EN 8 LIGNES À L’EXERGUE).
Reverse description : Vue axonométrique sur le Palais de l’industrie.

Commentary


L’exposition universelle fut décrétée pour le 15 mai 1855 pour témoigner au monde entier de la prospérité de la France, suite à l’exemple de l’Angleterre en 1851. Napoléon III inaugura cette première exposition universelle française en déclarant : “j’ouvre avec bonheur ce temple de la paix qui convie tous les peuples à la concorde”.
Le palais de l’industrie étonna par sa construction métallique et la hardiesse de la nef centrale haute de 35 mètres. Construit de 1853 à 1855, sur les plants de l’architecte Jean-Marie VIel (1797-1863), il forme un parallélogramme de fonte et de verre à deux étages, dont les façades principales ont 252 mètres de long, et les façades latérales 108 mètres. Il est composé d’un pavillon central et de pavillons d’angle. L’entrée principale se compose d’une immense arcade, flanquée de chaque côté de colonnes corinthiennes et surmontées d’une attique que décorent un bas-relief.
Le palais subsistera jusqu’en 1900 pour ensuite être démoli et remplacé par les Petit et Grand Palais actuels construits pour l’Exposition Universelle de Paris en 1900.
Source : Médailles de Napoléon III, Hess Divo.

Historical background


SECOND EMPIRE

(2/12/1852-4/09/1870)

Proclaimed emperor under the name of Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon made his solemn entry into Paris December 2, 1852. He married Marie Eugenie de Montijo, a Spanish aristocrat, in January 1853. His reign can be divided into three periods: the authoritarian Empire until 1860, the Liberal Empire from 1860 to 1870 and the Parliamentary Empire in 1870. During the authoritarian Empire, Napoleon III exerts its unchallenged power, control the press while newspapers practice self-censorship to avoid deletion. Prefects exercise unlimited power in the departments, mayors, civil servants are appointed by the government. As under the First Empire, Education and the University are monitored. Now the main principles of the revolution, the people's sovereignty is continued through consultation by plebiscite. On the economic front, the growth is important, industrialization develops and credit agencies and department stores. Military prestige is enhanced by the Crimean War that allows France to play an international role. The attack Orsini (January 1858) does not preclude the France to intervene in Italy to overcome the principle of nationalities and allows the annexation of Nice and Savoy by the Treaty of Turin (March 1860). In 1860, the Empire is moving towards more freedoms: free trade treaty of commerce with England, the appearance of a weak opposition in the Legislature, granting the right to strike (1864), liberalization of the press (1868). On the international level, France acquires New Caledonia, Cochin and encourages digging of the Suez Canal by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Mexico, support for Maximilian and Austria, however, is a failure. The elections of 1869 are very bad for the regime and the opposition gets 45% of votes. The system then evolves towards a parliamentary Empire calling Émile Ollivier, chief Orléanist and Liberal party in power. After Sadowa in 1866 when Prussia crushed Austria, the case of the throne of Spain and the Ems telegram lead to war was declared July 19, 1870. Accumulating setbacks, the French army was surrounded in Metz and Napoleon III, sick, capitulated at Sedan on September 2. As soon as the news was known, the decay of the Empire is announced by Gambetta and the Republic was proclaimed on September 4. Napoleon III was then taken captive in Hesse and share in Kent, where he died in 1873.

cgb.fr uses cookies to guarantee a better user experience and to carry out statistics of visits.
To remove the banner, you must accept or refuse their use by clicking on the corresponding buttons.

x