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Live auction - brm_682801 - ROMAN REPUBLIC - ANONYMOUS Didrachme romano-campanien ou nummus

ROMAN REPUBLIC - ANONYMOUS Didrachme romano-campanien ou nummus XF
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 1 500 €
Price : 1 230 €
Maximum bid : 1 550 €
End of the sale : 07 September 2021 14:55:14
bidders : 4 bidders
Type : Didrachme romano-campanien ou nummus
Date: c. 280-275 AC.
Mint name / Town : Métaponte
Metal : silver
Diameter : 19 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 7,25 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Flan court, légèrement décentré au droit. Très belle tête de cheval, bien venue à la frappe. Patine grise avec reflets dorés


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête barbue de Mars à gauche, coiffée du casque corinthien à cimier ; derrière la tête, petite branche de chêne.


Reverse description : Tête et cou de cheval à droite ; derrière, un épi d’orge placé verticalement.
Reverse translation : “Romano”, (Romain).

Historical background


(Third century BC)

Between taking Taranto in 272 before J. C-. and the beginning of the first Punic war in 264 before J. C-. Rome seized Rhegium in 270 before J. C-. and founded the colony of Benevento in 268 before J. C-. While imposing a Carthaginian garrison in Messina. Messenians appealed to the Romans drove the Carthaginian garrison, behind the implacable war to oppose the two powers mediteranien. The first Punic War, which began in 264 before J. C-. ends in 241 before J. C-. the advantage of Rome. After the occupation of Sardinia and Corsica 238 before J. C-. by the Romans, Carthaginians seized Spain. For the first time, the temple of Janus closed, marking the fact that Rome enjoyed peace. In 233 before J. C-. We know that the Urbs (Rome) had 270. 713 people. The following year C. Flaminius is distributing land lots of "ager Gallicus". A Roman embassy was sent to Hamilcar, the father of Hannibal in Spain. 230 or 229 before J. C-. Hamilcar dies and is succeeded by his son Hadrusbal. A treaty signed in 228 before J. C-. between the Romans and the Carthaginians because of the Ebro, the boundary of the Carthaginian possessions and ensures the neutrality of Saguntum, an ally of Rome. This period is mainly marked by the beginning of the Second Punic War. It starts in 218 J. C-. After the capture of Saguntum and the refusal to deliver Hannibal of Carthage to the Romans. Hannibal with fifty thousand men crossed the Pyrenees and the Alps. It overwrites the Roman armies in La Trebia in 218 J. C-. , Lake Trasimeno in 217 before J. C-. The Romans are scanned at Cannes before August 2 216 J. C-. Eighty thousand Romans and Consul Paul-Émile get killed. The road to Rome is open, but not Hannibal march on the city and settled in southern Italy. In 212, he took Taranto and rallies cities in southern Italy, while Marcellus takes Syracuse (death of Archimedes). The Romans took Capua in 211 before J. C-. Scipio Africanus seizes Carthago Nova, but can not prevent Hasdrubal into Italy. The latter was killed at the Battle of Metaurus in 207 before J. C-. Scipio then carried the war in Africa 204 before J. C-. forcing the Carthaginians to recall Hannibal. The Carthaginians were defeated at Zama in 202 before J. C-. and then ask for peace in the following year.

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