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brm_806347 - PHILIPPUS Antoninien

PHILIPPUS Antoninien XF
50.00 €(Approx. 54.50$ | 42.00£)
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Type : Antoninien
Date: 247
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 450 ‰
Diameter : 24 mm
Orientation dies : 7 h.
Weight : 4,24 g.
Officine: 6e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et centré. Joli buste de l’empereur au droit, usure régulière. Beau revers. Patine grise
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Philippe Ier à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A2).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus”, (L’empereur Marc Jules Philippe auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : ROMAE AET-ERNAE.
Reverse description : Rome assise à gauche, casquée et drapée, tenant de la main droite une Victoriola et de la gauche un sceptre ; sous le siège, un bouclier.
Reverse translation : “Romæ Æternæ”, (À Rome éternelle).

Historical background


PHILIPPUS

(03/244-09/249)

Philippe was born in Bostra in Trachonitis, a province of Arabia, hence the nickname of the Emperor. He was appointed Prefect of the Praetorium after the disappearance of Timésithée, father-in-law of Gordian III, in 243. Philip had Gordian assassinated or allowed to be assassinated at the beginning of 244, then hastened to conclude an infamous peace with the Sassanids. He pays them a tribute of 500,000 denarii. He named his son Philip Caesar in 244 and his wife Otacilia Sévéra augusta. In 247, Philip raises his son to august. He led a brilliant campaign against the Quades and the Carpes who had invaded Dacia. The great event of the reign of Philip is the commemoration of the millennium of Rome which begins on April 21, 247. Several usurpers, including Jotapien and Pacatian, proclaim themselves august at the end of the reign. Philippe instructs Decius, commander of the legions of Pannonia, to restore order on the Danube. The troops, against his will, proclaim Decius august in June or July 249. Philip dies fighting the troops of Decius in September 249.

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