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Live auction - bgr_520067 - PHOENICIA - TYRE Tétradrachme ou shekel

PHOENICIA - TYRE Tétradrachme ou shekel AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2019/03/05 14:00:00
bgr_520067
1030
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Type : Tétradrachme ou shekel
Date: an 19
Mint name / Town : Tyr, Phénicie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 27,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 13,78 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan bien centré, court sur la légende de revers. Très belle tête de Melqart. Beau revers de haut relief, finement détaillé. Belle patine de médaillier avec des reflets dorés
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste de Melqart (Héraklès) laurée à droite avec la léonté nouée autour du cou.

Reverse


Reverse description : Aigle debout à gauche, les serres sur une proue de navire, une palme sur l’aile ; dans le champ à gauche, une massue.
Reverse legend : TUROU IERIAS - KAI ASULOU/ QI/ (HAR).
Reverse translation : (de Tyr sainte et sacrée ).

Commentary


Sur cet exemplaire, on devine très bien le grènetis qui s’interrompt pour laisser la léonté qui semble le continuer.

Historical background


PHOENICIA - TYR

(Second - first century BC)

Tyre, according to tradition seems to have been founded by colonists from Sidon, his great rival. Tyrian settlers founded Carthage in 814 BC Tyre was one of the main ports of Phoenicia and one of the largest in the Eastern Mediterranean trade places. Tyre refused to submit to Alexander the Great in 332 BC The siege lasted seven months from January to August in very difficult conditions. Alexander showed ruthless and massacred or enslaved the population. Tyr disappeared and was not rebuilt. After Alexander's death, she often changed master Perdiccas in 321 AC, Ptolemy the following year, then it was the turn of Antigonus in 314 before falling into the hands of Ptolemy two years later.. In 294 BC, Tyre entered the orbit Seleucid. After 274 BC, a new era seems to start to Tyre. The city will be independent after 126 BC and experience a new political, economic and monetary growth which will continue under Roman rule.

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