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Live auction - bgr_636538 - PHOENICIA - TYRE Shekel

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live-auctionLive starting :
2021/01/26 14:00:00
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Type : Shekel
Date: c. 425-394 AC.
Mint name / Town : Tyr, Phénicie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 23 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 11,74 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie à l’usure importante, bien centré et identifiable. Droit agréable. Patine grise


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Melqart assis sur un hippocampe ailé volant à droite au-dessus des flots figurés par des lignes en zigzag, tenant un arc de la main droite et les rênes de la main gauche ; à l’exergue, sous les vagues, un dauphin voguant à droite ; grènetis circulaire cordelé.


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Chouette debout à droite, la tête de face, tenant transversalement un sceptre et un fléau égyptien ; grènetis circulaire cordelé.


Type anépigraphe. Précédemment, ce type était présenté comme un double shekel, mais il s’agit bien en fait d’un shekel, correspondant à deux sicles.

Historical background


(Ve - fourth century BC)

Tyre, according to tradition seems to have been founded by colonists from Sidon, his future great rival. Tyrian settlers founded Carthage in 814 BC Tyre was one of the main ports of Phoenicia and one of the largest in the Eastern Mediterranean trade places. Tyre refused to submit to Alexander the Great in 332 BC The siege lasted seven months from January to August in very difficult conditions. Alexander showed ruthless and massacred or enslaved the population. Tyr did not disappear, was rebuilt. After Alexander's death, she often changed master Perdiccas in 321 AC, Ptolemy the following year, then it was the turn of Antigonus in 314 before falling into the hands of Ptolemy two years later.. In 294 BC, Tyre entered the orbit Seleucid. After 274 BC, a new era seems to start to Tyre. The city will be independent after 126 BC and experience a new political and economic development without forgetting that money will continue under Roman rule.

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