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Live auction - bgr_587412 - PERSIA - ACHAEMENID KINGDOM Sicle

PERSIA - ACHAEMENID KINGDOM Sicle VF
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Estimate : 90 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 24 October 2023 14:21:00
Type : Sicle
Date: c. 475-465 AC.
Mint name / Town : Sardes, Lydie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 14,5 mm
Weight : 4,95 g.
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie centrée. Usure importante mais l’exemplaire reste bien identifiable. Patine grise
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Le Grand Roi barbu, en archer mélophore, à demi-agenouillé à droite, coiffé de la cidaris, surmontée de cinq dents, vêtu de la candys, tenant une lance de la main droite et un arc de la gauche.

Reverse


Reverse description : Carré creux informe.

Commentary


Exemplaire normalement attribué plutôt à Xerxès Ier (486-465 avant J.-C.). Archer à la barbe longue.

Historical background


PERSIA - ACHAEMENID KINGDOM

(5th - 4th century BC)

The Achaemenid dynasty will last two centuries (559-330 AC.) and mark Asia Minor for a long time. Cyrus, the founder, seizes Babylon and Lydia from Croesus. His son Cambyses conquered Egypt in 525 BC. Darius I succeeded him (521-486 AC.) and began the Persian Wars against rebellious Asia Minor, then against Athens, which had supported the insurgents. He was defeated at Marathon in 490 AC. His son Xerxes (486-465 AC.) continued his policy, but was crushed at Salamis and Plataea. It is the end of the Persian hegemonic dream. The dynasty died out with Darius III Codoman (339-330 AC.) who was defeated by Alexander who, for three centuries, imposed Hellenism as far away as India.

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