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fwo_556473 - SPANISH NETHERLANDS - DUCHY OF BRABANT - PHILIP IV Patagon 1653 Anvers

SPANISH NETHERLANDS - DUCHY OF BRABANT - PHILIP IV Patagon 1653 Anvers VF
100.00 €(Approx. 111.00$ | 84.00£)
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Type : Patagon
Date: 1653
Mint name / Town : Anvers
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 875 ‰
Diameter : 42,8 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 28,13 g.
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : (MAIN). PHIL. IIII. D. G. HISP. ET. INDIAR. REX..
Obverse description : Croix de saint André formée de deux bâtons noueux, noués en cœur par un briquet auquel est appendu le collier de l'Ordre de la Toison d'or ; au-dessus une couronne, de part et d'autre 16-53.
Obverse translation : (Philippe IV, par la grâce de Dieu, roi d'Espagne et des Indes).

Reverse


Reverse legend : ARCHID. AVST. DVX. BVRG. BRAB. Z..
Reverse description : Écu sous une couronne coupant la légende en haut, écartelé, au 1 contre-écartelé en a et d de Castille, en b et c de Léon ; au 2 mi-parti d'Aragon et de Sicile, sur le tout de Portugal, enté en pointe de Grenade ; au 3 d'Autriche moderne soutenu de Bourgogne ancien ; au 4 de Bourgogne moderne soutenu de Brabant, sur le tout mi-parti de Flandre et de Tyrol ; l'écu est entouré du collier de l'ordre de la Toison d'or.
Reverse translation : (Archiduc d'Autriche, duc de Bourgogne et de Brabant, etc.).

Historical background


SPANISH NETHERLANDS - Duchy of Brabant - PHILIPPE IV

(1621-1665)

Philip IV of Spain (1605-1665) is the son of Philip III and Margaret of Austria. He became king on the death of his father in 1621, the year he married Elizabeth of France (1602-1644), daughter of Henri IV and Marie de Medici. He is the brother of Anne of Austria, wife of Louis XIII, and the father of Marie-Thérèse, wife of Louis XIV. The greater part of his reign will happen in the fight against France. From 1635, Spain entered the Thirty Years' War. After the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, the war continues between France and Spain and ends at the Peace of the Pyrenees in 1659. France loses definitively Catalonia, but acquires Roussillon and Cerdanya. Mazarin and Anne of Austria Spanish arrange the marriage of Louis XIV with the Infanta Maria Theresa he married in Saint-Jean-de-Luz in 1660. Widower, Philip IV marries Marie-Anne of Austria, the sister of Leopold I born with a sick son, the future Charles II of Spain (1665-1700), the origin of the War of Spanish Succession.

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