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fjt_114278 - ROYAL NOTARIES Notaires de Chartres, émission de 1776 - Louis XVI n.d.

ROYAL NOTARIES Notaires de Chartres, émission de 1776 - Louis XVI AU
145.00 €(Approx. 158.05$ | 121.80£)
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Type : Notaires de Chartres, émission de 1776 - Louis XVI
Date: n.d.
Metal : silver
Diameter : 29 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Edge : cannelée
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire superbe
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : LUD. XVI. REX - CHRISTIANISS..
Obverse description : Buste de Louis XVI à droite, les cheveux noués sur la nuque, non signé, type Guéant Prieur 714 F.
Obverse translation : (Louis XVI, roi très chrétien).

Reverse


Reverse legend : NOTAIRES ROYAUX DE - LA VILLE DE CHARTRES.
Reverse description : Armes de France posées sur un cartouche, couronnées et entourées des colliers des ordres.

Commentary


Les notaires royaux étaient institués près des justices royales. Ils ne pouvaient instrumenter hors du ressort de celle auprès de laquelle ils étaient établis à l'exception des notaires au Châtelet qui avaient le privilège de pouvoir le faire dans toute la France. Comme officiers publics, ils étaient chargés de dresser les actes et contrats auxquels les parties veulent donner un caractère d'authenticité. En 1597, les tabellions, chargés de garder les minutes et de délivrer des grosses, deviennent des notaires garde notes et garde scel mais ils se confondent rapidement avec les notaires chargés de recevoir. L'édit de juillet 1682 exigeait profession de la religion catholique, attestation de bonne vie et mœurs par le curé et un examen pour être reçu notaire.

Historical background


ROYAL NOTARIES

At the end of the Ancien Régime, the royal notary was a public officer responsible for drafting the deeds to which private parties wanted to confer a character of authenticity.. Only Paris notaries have the privilege of practicing throughout France. A royal provincial notary has jurisdiction only in the jurisdiction of the justice with which he was received (at least 25 years old, and after an investigation into his life and morals). An edict of July 1682 makes it compulsory for everyone to be a Catholic to exercise the notarial office. Notaries are organized into brotherhoods or communities, and enjoy different social prestige depending on the town.. The Parisian notariat is powerful, and benefits from the protection of the Comptroller General of Finance (thus it escapes the formalities of the control of acts). Some officers buy the ennobling office of King's Secretary to complete their social ascent. On the other hand, rural notaries receive little consideration. The notebooks of grievances often mention dishonest and incapable officers! In most cities, however, the notary is a notable, even if his income is modest.. Finally, everywhere, without exception, the notary is the one who holds the pen. He is therefore at the same time clerk, secretary of the communities of inhabitants, steward of noble families, etc.. J. -P. Poisson distinguishes between four main categories of notarial deeds under the Old Regime: 1) deeds relating to credit law (bonds, leases, etc.. ); 2) other economic affairs (sales, exchanges, employment contracts, etc.. ); 3) family law (marriage contracts, donations, wills, partitions, etc.). ); 4) law of the Old Regime and ecclesiastical law (payment of annuities, faith and homage, religious professions, taking possession of cures, etc.. ). Library. : AUBENAS R. , "Study on the Provençal notary in the Middle Ages and under the Ancien Régime", Aix-en-Provence, 1931; GASTON J. , "The community of notaries of Bordeaux, 1520-1791", Bordeaux, 1913; STRING M. -F. , "Notaries at the Châtelet in Paris during the reign of Louis XIV. Institutional and social study", Toulouse, 1992.

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