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fjt_128038 - ROYAL NOTARIES Conseillers du roi et notaires de Paris, émission de 1780 - Louis XVI n.d.

ROYAL NOTARIES Conseillers du roi et notaires de Paris, émission de 1780 - Louis XVI XF
180.00 €(Approx. 192.60$ | 154.80£)
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Type : Conseillers du roi et notaires de Paris, émission de 1780 - Louis XVI
Date: n.d.
Metal : silver
Diameter : 30 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 8,49 g.
Rarity : R1
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : LUDOV : XVI. REX CHRISTIANISS..
Obverse description : Buste à gauche de Louis XVI, signé P. DROZ. F.
Obverse translation : Louis XVI, roi très chrétien.


Reverse description : Le Gnomon.
Reverse translation : Est Loi ce que nous consignons.


Ce jeton doit, selon le buste, dater du début des années 1780.
La devise "Lex est quodcumque notamus" est une création du père Ménestrier en 1686 pour les secrétaires du roi qui ne s'en sont jamais servi. L'invention fut reprise par les notaires de Paris puis ensuite par les notaires de Province.

Historical background


At the end of the Ancien Régime, the royal notary was a public officer responsible for drafting the deeds to which private parties wanted to confer a character of authenticity.. Only Paris notaries have the privilege of practicing throughout France. A royal provincial notary has jurisdiction only in the jurisdiction of the justice with which he was received (at least 25 years old, and after an investigation into his life and morals). An edict of July 1682 makes it compulsory for everyone to be a Catholic to exercise the notarial office. Notaries are organized into brotherhoods or communities, and enjoy different social prestige depending on the town.. The Parisian notariat is powerful, and benefits from the protection of the Comptroller General of Finance (thus it escapes the formalities of the control of acts). Some officers buy the ennobling office of King's Secretary to complete their social ascent. On the other hand, rural notaries receive little consideration. The notebooks of grievances often mention dishonest and incapable officers! In most cities, however, the notary is a notable, even if his income is modest.. Finally, everywhere, without exception, the notary is the one who holds the pen. He is therefore at the same time clerk, secretary of the communities of inhabitants, steward of noble families, etc.. J. -P. Poisson distinguishes between four main categories of notarial deeds under the Old Regime: 1) deeds relating to credit law (bonds, leases, etc.. ); 2) other economic affairs (sales, exchanges, employment contracts, etc.. ); 3) family law (marriage contracts, donations, wills, partitions, etc.). ); 4) law of the Old Regime and ecclesiastical law (payment of annuities, faith and homage, religious professions, taking possession of cures, etc.. ). Library. : AUBENAS R. , "Study on the Provençal notary in the Middle Ages and under the Ancien Régime", Aix-en-Provence, 1931; GASTON J. , "The community of notaries of Bordeaux, 1520-1791", Bordeaux, 1913; STRING M. -F. , "Notaries at the Châtelet in Paris during the reign of Louis XIV. Institutional and social study", Toulouse, 1992.

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