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bpv_418119 - NEMAUSUS - NIMES - AUGUSTUS and AGRIPPA Dupondius

NEMAUSUS - NIMES - AUGUSTUS and AGRIPPA Dupondius XF
195.00 €(Approx. 216.45$ | 177.45£)
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Type : Dupondius
Date: c. 16/15-10 AC.
Mint name / Town : Nîmes, Gaule
Metal : copper
Diameter : 26 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 11,54 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan bien centré aux bords biseautés. Frappe un peu molle sur la tête d’Agrippa. Flan légèrement taché au revers. Belle patine verte
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP// DIVI F.
Obverse description : Têtes adossées d'Agrippa coiffé de la couronne rostrale à gauche et d'Auguste nu à droite.
Obverse translation : “Imperator Divi Filius”, (L’imperator fils du divin).

Reverse


Reverse legend : COL - (NE)M.
Reverse description : Crocodile enchaîné à un palmier qui est surmonté d'une couronne ; sous le crocodile, deux palmettes.
Reverse translation : “Colonia Nemausus”, (Colonie de Nîmes).

Commentary


Poids léger. Lettres ligaturées (NE)M au revers.

Historical background


Némausus - NIMES - AUGUSTE and Agrippa

(First century BC - first century AD) Caius Julius Caesar Augustus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa

Nemausus (Nîmes) was the capital of Volques Arécomiques. According to the mint, it suffers greatly influence Marseille. During the first century BCE to counterbalance the influence of Narbonne, she supported the revolt of Sertorius in Spain against Metellus and Pompey? Colony Nimes seems to have been founded by Tiberius Nero, Livia's husband and the father of Tiberius and Drusus Senior, 45 or 44 before J. C-. Some authors see rather a creation of Caesar himself back from the Spanish campaign. The city received the "jus Latinum". After the battle of Actium in 31 J. C-. , Marking the victory of Octavian and Agrippa on the fleet of Marc Antony and Cleopatra and the conquest of Egypt the following year, Octave demobilization part of his legions become too numerous after victory. Veterans received their "honesta missio", a sort of retirement in cash and property funds. Many veterans came to settle in the province of Narbonne and a large contingent settled in Nîmes. The mint seems very important to start from 27 before J. C-. shows the commercial dynamism of the city which became one of the richest in the region and gave us impressive monuments (the Pont du Gard, the Maison Carree). The city changed status before 24 J. C-. And became a Roman colony under the name of "Colonia Augusta Nemausus" and dominating the territory Volques Arécomiques.

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