Obverse legend : LÉGENDE ARAMÉENNE (ARÉTAS ROI DES NABATÉENS QUI AIME SON PEUPLE).
Obverse description : Buste du roi Arétas à droite.
Reverse legend : INSCRIPTION ARAMÉENNE (SHAQILATH REINE DES NABATÉENS).
Reverse description : Bustes accolés d’Arétas IV et de la reine Shaqilath à droite.
Nabateans - Nabataean Kingdom - Aretas IV Philopatris
(9 BC to 40 AD)
The Nabataean kingdom experienced its greatest peak during the reign of Aretas IV (9 BC - 40 AD), known as the "Friend of his people." It pushes the boundaries of his kingdom. This is a monarch builder. The main monuments of Petra were built during his reign. His son and successor Malichus II (40-71 AD) leads a pro-Roman policy. During the war in Judea, he will be faithful ally of Titus, which provides a contingent of 1,000 cavalry and 500 archers After his death, his wife Shaqilat II acted as regent for her son. Rabbel is the last king (71-106) of Petra. Shortly after his death, the Romans annexed the Nabataea who became a Roman province in the reign of Trajan (97-117), under the name of Saudi.