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brm_626666 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Follis ou nummus

150.00 €(Approx. 163.50$ | 132.00£)
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Type : Follis ou nummus
Date: 302-303
Mint name / Town : Trèves
Metal : copper
Millesimal fineness : 30 ‰
Diameter : 30 mm
Orientation dies : 11 h.
Weight : 13,85 g.
Rarity : R3
Officine: 2e
Coments on the condition:
Flan large, épais, centré des deux côtés. Joli revers. Patine grise, tachée
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG.
Obverse description : Buste lauré et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à droite drapé sur l’épaule, vu de trois quarts en avant (B*01).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus”, (L’empereur Maximien pieux heureux auguste).


Reverse legend : GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI/ S|F// IITR.
Reverse description : Genio (Génie) debout de face, coiffé du modius, le manteau sur l'épaule gauche, tenant une patère de la main droite et une corne d'abondance de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Genio Populi Romani”, (Au Génie du Peuple Romain).


Poids lourd. Rubans de type 3. Cuirasse lisse. Épaulière cloutée. Ptéryges fines. Semble complètement inédit et non répertorié avec ce type de buste et le génie coiffé du modius. Le même portrait est référencé avec le génie tourelé (RIC. 524b). Au revers les lettres S|F pourraient être les initiales pour “Sæculi Felicitas”, (le siècle de la félicité).

Historical background



Augustus I

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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