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brm_409033 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Follis ou nummus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Follis ou nummus AU
120.00 €(Approx. 130.80$ | 100.80£)
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Type : Follis ou nummus
Date: c. 303-305
Mint name / Town : Londres
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 27,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 10,11 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large bien centré des deux côtés avec les grènetis complets. Portrait massif. Revers bien venu à la frappe. Patine marron foncé
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la vente Boule du 16 octobre 2015, n° 363

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste lauré et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (B*).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus”, (L’empereur Maximien pieux heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI.
Reverse description : Genius (le Génie) debout à gauche, le manteau sur l'épaule gauche, tenant une patère de la main droite et une corne d'abondance de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Genio Populi Romani”, (Le Génie du peuple romain).

Commentary


Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Cuirasse et épaulière cloutées. Ptéryges larges. Buste massif de Maximien Hercule sur un cou large.

Historical background


MAXIMIEN HERCULES

(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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