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brm_640730 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus XF
80.00 €(Approx. 87.20$ | 66.40£)
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Type : Aurelianus
Date: 20 novembre - 31 décembre
Date: 293
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 21 mm
Orientation dies : 7 h.
Weight : 3,96 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire centré. Joli revers. Patine grise, tachée
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié consulaire de Maximien Hercule à gauche, vu de trois quarts en avant, tenant un scipio de la main droite (H2).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Maximianus Augustus”, (L’empereur Maximien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : VOTIS X/ -|-// -.
Reverse description : Dioclétien et Maximien Hercule debout face à face, vêtus de la toge, sacrifiant au-dessus d’un trépied allumé, tenant ensemble une patère ; Dioclétien tient un sceptre court de la main gauche ainsi que Maximien.
Reverse translation : “Votis Decennalibus”, (Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire.

Commentary


Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Manteau consulaire richement ornementé.

Historical background


MAXIMIEN HERCULES

(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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