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brm_359735 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus XF
70.00 €(Approx. 77.00$ | 59.50£)
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Type : Aurelianus
Date: automne 287/automne 289
Date: 287-289
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 22,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 3,47 g.
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale et irrégulier, bien centré des deux côtés. Beau portrait de Maximien. Monnaie nettoyée
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la collection R. Chevallier (1922-2015)

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, casqué et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (C).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus”, (L’empereur césar Maximien pieux heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : VIRTVTI AVGG.
Reverse description : Hercule nu debout à droite, étranglant le lion de Némée ; à ses pieds derrière lui, sa massue.
Reverse translation : “Virtuti Augustorum”, (À la Virilité des augustes).

Commentary


Casque orné et décoré. Couvre nuque orné de deux globules. Cuirasse et épaulière cloutées. Ptéryges fines.

Historical background


MAXIMIEN HERCULES

(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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