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E-auction 500-410406 - brm_587363 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus AU/AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 100 €
Price : 58 €
Maximum bid : 75 €
End of the sale : 14 November 2022 14:21:00
bidders : 10 bidders
Type : Aurelianus
Date: printemps 290-291
Date: 290-291
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 22 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 3,70 g.
Officine: 2e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan bien centré des deux côtés. Beau buste de Maximien Hercule. Frappe un peu molle au revers. Patine marron avec des reflets métalliques
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à droite drapé sur l’épaule, vu de trois quarts en avant (B01).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Maximianus Augustus”, (L'empereur Maximien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : PAX - A-VGG/ -|-// B.
Reverse description : Pax (la Paix) debout à gauche, tenant un globe nicéphore de la main droite et un long sceptre transversal de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Pax Augustorum”, (La Paix des augustes).

Commentary


Avec une partie de son argenture superficielle. Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Cuirasse et épaulière cloutées. Ptéryges fines et tombantes. Petit pan de paludamentum sur l’épaule.

Historical background


MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS

(10/12/285-02/310)

Auguste I

Maximian was born in Sirmium around 250. He has "a low forehead, a wrinkled face, a trumpet nose, a thick chin and neck, a shaggy beard" according to "The Roman Emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not look so much like the portraits of the argentei, which are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. He was first Caesar, then Augustus from April 286, and it was the foundation of the Diarchy. Maximien settles in Trèves and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Brittany. In 293, when the Tetrarchy was created, he was assisted by Constantius Chlorus. Diocletian forces Maximian to abdicate on May 1, 305. He resents retirement and goes to support his son Maxentius when he seizes Rome on October 28, 306. He resumes service as august in 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian is forced to abdicate at the conference of Carnuntum, November 11, 308. One last time, he resumes the purple at the beginning of 310 in Marseilles before committing suicide or being assassinated.

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