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E-auction 503-413837 - brm_548633 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 200 €
Price : 235 €
Maximum bid : 255 €
End of the sale : 05 December 2022 14:10:30
bidders : 12 bidders
Type : Aurelianus
Date: 1/03/293 - 20/11/293
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 7 h.
Weight : 3,95 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Bel exemplaire bien centré des deux côtés. Joli buste, finement détaillé, ainsi qu’un beau revers bien venu à la frappe. Patine gris foncé

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié consulaire de Maximien Hercule à gauche, vu de trois quarts en avant, tenant un scipio de la main droite (H2).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Maximianus Augustus”, (L’empereur Maximien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : VOTIS .X./ -|-// -.
Reverse description : Dioclétien et Maximien Hercule debout face à face, vêtus de la toge, sacrifiant au-dessus d’un trépied allumé, tenant ensemble une patère ; Dioclétien tient un sceptre court de la main gauche ainsi que Maximien.
Reverse translation : “Votis Decennalibus”, (Vœux pour le dixième anniversaire.

Commentary


Manteau consulaire richement ornementé. Exemplaire sans marque d’officine à rapprocher des aureliani de la troisième officine. Légende ponctuée au revers. Sur cet exemplaire, au revers Dioclétien tient le scipio et Maximien Hercule un sceptre court. Ensemble, ils tiennent une patère. Prendra le numéro 532c dans le Supplément III du Bastien.

Historical background


MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS

(10/12/285-02/310)

Auguste I

Maximian was born in Sirmium around 250. He has "a low forehead, a wrinkled face, a trumpet nose, a thick chin and neck, a shaggy beard" according to "The Roman Emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not look so much like the portraits of the argentei, which are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. He was first Caesar, then Augustus from April 286, and it was the foundation of the Diarchy. Maximien settles in Trèves and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Brittany. In 293, when the Tetrarchy was created, he was assisted by Constantius Chlorus. Diocletian forces Maximian to abdicate on May 1, 305. He resents retirement and goes to support his son Maxentius when he seizes Rome on October 28, 306. He resumes service as august in 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian is forced to abdicate at the conference of Carnuntum, November 11, 308. One last time, he resumes the purple at the beginning of 310 in Marseilles before committing suicide or being assassinated.

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