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bry_812259 - LOUIS XVI Écu dit "au génie", type FRANÇOIS 1792 Paris

LOUIS XVI Écu dit  au génie , type FRANÇOIS 1792 Paris XF
240.00 €(Approx. 256.80$ | 201.60£)
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Type : Écu dit "au génie", type FRANÇOIS
Date: 1792 2e
Mint name / Town : Paris
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 917 ‰
Diameter : 38,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 29,34 g.
Edge : (rose) LA NATION (rose) (fleuron) (fleuron) (losange) (fleuron) (rose) LA LOI (rose) (fleuron) (lis) (fleuron) (rose) ET LE ROI (rose) (fleuron) (lis) (fleuron)
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Écu frappé sur un flan assez large et légèrement irrégulier. Des stries d’ajustage à 10 heures au revers sont à l’origine d’une faiblesse de frappe au droit. Monnaie recouverte d’une patine grise
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : LOUIS XVI ROI - DES FRANÇOIS. / 1792.
Obverse description : Tête à gauche de Louis XVI, les cheveux noués par un ruban sur la nuque ; (Mm) sous la tête.

Reverse


Reverse legend : REGNE - DE LA LOI. A ; À L'EXERGUE L'AN 4 DE LA / LIBERTÉ..
Reverse description : Génie gravant la Constitution posée sur un autel à droite, entre un faisceau de licteur surmonté d'un bonnet phrygien et un coq.

Historical background


LOUIS XVI

(05/10/1774-01/21/1793)

The Girondin ministry, formed on March 23, 1792, declared war on April 20 on the King of Bohemia and Hungary, Leopold II. Rouget de Lisle composes the Marseillaise on April 25th. The Fatherland is declared "in danger" on July 11. The Parisians and the Marseillais take the Tuileries and massacre the defenders of the castle, Swiss and noble, the king and his family take refuge near the Assembly. Louis XVI was stripped of his functions and interned in the Temple on August 12. In early September, massacres took place in Parisian prisons, including the Carmelites, and claimed thousands of victims, including the Princess of Lamballe, Marie-Antoinette's friend. Dumouriez and Kellermann won the victory of Valmy over the Prussians on September 20, 1792. The news was quickly known thanks to Chappe's telegraph. The following day, the republic was proclaimed and royalty abolished at the first meeting of the Convention. Dumouriez defeated the Austrians at Jemmapes on November 6 and occupied Brussels. The King's trial begins on December 10. On January 17, he was sentenced to death by a majority vote and was guillotined on January 21, 1793..

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