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Live auction - bfe_421276 - DUCHY OF LORRAINE - CHARLES III THE GREAT DUKE Écu d’argent

DUCHY OF LORRAINE - CHARLES III THE GREAT DUKE Écu d’argent XF
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 7 000 €
Price : 3 500 €
Maximum bid : 4 106 €
End of the sale : 14 March 2017 16:17:41
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Écu d’argent
Date: 1569
Metal : silver
Diameter : 40 mm
Orientation dies : 7 h.
Weight : 28,49 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Cet écu, frappé sur un flan large et régulier. Léger décentrage sur les deux faces. Exemplaire recouvert d’une patine grise de médaillier. Petite faiblesse de frappe sur la couronne sommant l’écu situé en bas du revers
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : (CROIX DE LORRAINE) CARO+ D+ G+ CAL+ LOTHO+ BAR+ GEL+ DVX.
Obverse description : Buste barbu de Charles III à droite, cuirassé, la tête nue, avec le petit col fraisé.
Obverse translation : (Charles, par la grâce de Dieu, duc de Calabre, Lorraine, Bar et Gueldre).

Reverse


Reverse legend : 15/69.
Reverse description : Écu couronné de Lorraine dans un cercle, autour des écus couronnés de Jérusalem, d’Aragon, de Blâmont, mi-parti de Gueldre et de Flandre, de Flandre, de Hongrie et de Naples (Anjou-Sicile).

Commentary


Exemplaire frappé avec les mêmes coins de droit et de revers que celui illustré p. 638 du tome II de l’ouvrage de Dominique Flon.

Historical background


LORRAINE - Duchy of Lorraine - THE GRAND DUKE CHARLES III

(1545-1608)

Charles III (1543-1608) is the son of Francis I (1544 -1545) and Christine of Denmark, the niece of Charles Quint. He was born in Nancy February 18, 1543 and died May 14, 1608. Succeeding his father 12 June 1545 under the regency of his mother, he was declared of age in 1555 and married Claude de France, daughter of Henry II in 1560. He tried to maintain a strict neutrality between France and the Empire. Deeply Catholic, he struggled fiercely against Protestantism. At the accession of Francis II and Mary Stuart Guise by his mother, Charles has a great credit to the court of France which remains under Charles IX. He founded the Academy of Pont-à-Mousson and decided that the year begin on 1 January from 1580. It beautifies Nancy. From 1584, he joined the Holy League to overthrow his brother Henri III funding and helping his cousin the Duke of Guise. After the death of Guise, and Henry III, he supported the Duke of Mayenne and signed peace with Henry IV in 1595. Henry, son of Charles, married Catherine de Bourbon, sister of Henry IV in 1598. Charles died in 1608 in Lorraine in peace.

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