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Live auction - brm_888545 - JULIUS CAESAR Denier

JULIUS CAESAR Denier AU
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All winning bids are subject to a 18% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 1 500 €
Price : 3 405 €
Maximum bid : 4 200 €
End of the sale : 05 March 2024 14:42:54
bidders : 12 bidders
Type : Denier
Date: 49 AC.
Mint name / Town : Gaule ou Italie
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 950 ‰
Diameter : 18 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 3,96 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Très bel exemplaire sur un flan idéalement centré des deux côtés. Bel éléphant. Revers bien venu à la frappe. Jolie patine grise de collection avec des reflets dorés et bleutés
Predigree :
Non connu

Obverse


Obverse legend : CAESAR À L'EXERGUE.
Obverse description : Éléphant passant à droite ; à ses pieds, un serpent (ou carnyx, trompette gauloise).
Obverse translation : “Cæsar”, (César).

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Instruments pontificaux : simpulum, aspersoir, hache à sacrifice, chapeau à sacrifice.

Commentary


Pour ce type, M. Crawford a relevé une estimation de 750 coins de droit et de 833 coins de revers, représentant une production qui pourrait avoisiner les deux à quatre millions de deniers. Pendant très longtemps, on pensa que ce denier avait été frappé par César pendant la Guerre des Gaules entre 58 et 52 avant J.-C., en Gaule même. En fait, il fut fabriqué au début des Guerres Civiles. Il a été imité servilement par les Trévires avec le bronze HIRTIVS (LT. 9235), fortement romanisé.

Historical background


JULIUS CAESAR

(07/13/100-03/15/44 BC)

Julius Caesar, born in 100 BC, belongs to the party of Marius and opposes Sylla at a very young age. He was praetor in 62 BC, before forming with Pompey and Crassus the first triumvirate in 59 BC, the year of his consulship. He then receives a proconsular imperium on Gaul, renewed in 54. He fights Vercingétorix in Gergovie then in Alesia. Besieged, the Gallic leader must surrender. Crassus having been killed at Carrhae, in Mesopotamia, in 53 BC, Caesar got angry with Pompey and marched on Rome in 49 BC. In 48 BC, at Pharsalus, he crushed Pompey who fled to Egypt where he was assassinated. Caesar must then face the sons of Pompey and the Pompeian party. He defeated them at Thapsus (Africa, death of Cato of Utica) in 46 BC and at Munda (Spain, death of Cneius Pompey). Caesar was assassinated on the Ides of March (March 15, 44 BC) by Cassius and Brutus. He was deified after his death in 42 BC..

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