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Live auction - bgr_686509 - JUDAEA - HERODIAN KINGDOM - HEROD I Prutah

JUDAEA - HERODIAN KINGDOM - HEROD I Prutah XF
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live-auctionLive starting :
2021/10/26 14:00:00
bgr_686509
1051
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Type : Prutah
Date: c. 37-34 AC.
Mint name / Town : Jerusalem
Metal : copper
Diameter : 19 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 2,25 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie sur un flan large, légèrement décentré au revers. Bel autel. Patine vert foncé et sable
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse description : Croix dans un diadème ouvert.
Obverse legend : HRODOU BASILEWS.
Obverse translation : (Hérode roi).

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Autel entouré de deux palmes.

Historical background


JUDEA - KINGDOM OF HEROD - HEROD I.

(40-4 BC)

Ancestry Idumean Herod's son Antipater. He began his career under Pompey and received the title of tetrarch 40 before J. C-. Mark Antony after serving turn the Caesarian party and that of his assassins. When Labienus invaded Syria with the help of the Parthians, Hyrcanus II was deposed and replaced by his nephew Matthias Antigonus. Finally, Herod was recognized as ruler of Judea. Matthias Antigonus was eventually killed after the capture of Jerusalem. Despite the expansionist aims of Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt, Herod argues Marc Anthony in the conflict against Octavian. It retains the confidence of Octavian Augustus became that enlarges its territories. The rest of his reign was devoted to the embellishment of his kingdom with the construction of his new capital, Caesarea and the rebuilding of the Temple. The end of his reign was marred by the killing of his son, Alexander and Aristobulus before 7 J. C-. Antipater and 4 before J. C-. The destruction of the golden eagle placed in the Temple leads savage repression when he dies before 4 J. C-. After his death, Augustus removes the kingdom and survivors of Herod Archelaus, Herod Antipas and Philip son succeeded him as Tetrarch ethnarques and only. Herod goes to the head of the Massacre of the Innocents at the time of the birth of Jesus and leaves a horrible reputation as well as Romans, Jews and Christians. It was a Hellenistic ruler.

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