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E-auction 3-413 - HUNGARY - KINGDOM OF HUNGARY - BELA III Follis, (MB, Æ 26) c. 1173-1196 Buda

HUNGARY - KINGDOM OF HUNGARY - BELA III Follis, (MB, Æ 26) c. 1173-1196 Buda XF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 150 €
Price : 52 €
Maximum bid : 55 €
End of the sale : 04 April 2013 20:44:00
bidders : 6 bidders
Type : Follis, (MB, Æ 26)
Date: c. 1173-1196
Mint name / Town : Buda
Metal : copper
Diameter : 26,1 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 3,22 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Belle patine foncée de médaillier. Faiblesse de frappe au niveau de la tête du roi assis à gauche

Obverse


Obverse legend : + SANCTA - MARIA.
Obverse description : La Vierge, nimbée, tient en main droite un sceptre en forme de lys, et sa main gauche appuie une sorte de reliquaire sur sa poitrine ; elle est assise sur un trône sans dossier, une croix dans le champ au dessus de sa tête.
Obverse translation : (Sainte Marie).

Reverse


Reverse legend : REX ST(EPHANU)S - N REX BELA.
Reverse description : Les rois assis sur un double trône sans dossier et tenant en main droite un globe crucigère sont Bela III et Etienne IV (1162-63) ou plus probablement Etienne III (soit pendant son règne entre 1164 et 1173, soit entre 1173 et 1196 lorsque Bela III règnant seul peut associer sur cette pièce le frère à qui il doit le pouvoir) ; entre les deux rois, une longue croix..
Reverse translation : (Roi Etienne – Roi Bela).

Commentary


Le follis est une copie des monnaies islamiques qui circulaient largement en Hongrie. Il est aussi connu sous le nom de follis (Imitation du trachy de billon scyphate byzantin).

Historical background


HUNGARY - KINGDOM OF HUNGARY - BELA III

(1173-1196)

In 1161, after the death of King Geza II of Hungary, the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Comnenus take sides against his son and successor, Stephen III and supported by money and weapons "usurper" Stephen IV, brother of the deceased. The Treaty of 1164, Hungary is amputated several provinces (Croatia, Dalmatia, Bosnia and Sirmium) in favor of Byzantine. Brother Stephen III, Bela, is recognized heir to the throne of Hungary and sent to Constantinople, where he received the Alexis name and the title of despot (who immediately placed below basileus). At the death of Stephen III, Manuel retains its influence by the throne of Hungary Bela-protégé Alexis, under the name of Bela III. Bela III married first Anne of Châtillon and Marguerite Countess of Vexin and sister of Philip Augustus, where the French influence in its administration. The death of Manuel I (1180) unravels the personal ties and three years later, taking advantage of a cleverly alliance with the Serbs and the support of the Pope, Bela III was recovered abandoned provinces in 1164. He died in 1196. Bela III (1148-1196) was King of Hungary from 1172 to 1196. He is the son of Géza II (1141-1161). Ladislas II, brother of Géza II succeeded him in 1162/1163, then the second brother of Géza, Stephen II reigned only two years. The elder brother of Bela Stephen III (1165-1172) inherited the throne. Bela III married Marie successively Comnenus in 1164, and Agnes de Châtillon in 1168, and finally in 1186, Marguerite of France (1158-1198), daughter of Louis VII.

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