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Live auction - fwo_419901 - FINLAND - GRAND-DUCHY - ALEXANDER II 1 Markka 1874 Helsinki

FINLAND - GRAND-DUCHY - ALEXANDER II 1 Markka 1874 Helsinki MS65 PCGS
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Estimate : 400 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 14 March 2017 17:39:10
Type : 1 Markka
Date: 1874
Mint name / Town : Helsinki
Quantity minted : 1002000
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 868 ‰
Diameter : 24 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Edge : en creux
Slab
slab PCGS
PCGS : MS65
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire en état exceptionnel sous coque PCGS MS65
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : 94.48 KAPPALETTA NAULASTA SELWÄÄ HOPEATA // S.
Obverse description : Aigle héraldique bicéphale timbrée d'un écusson aux armes de la Finlande.

Reverse


Reverse legend : 1 / MAARKA / 1874.
Reverse description : Dans une couronne de feuilles de chêne.

Commentary


En 1809, par le traité de Fredrikshamm, le Suède cède la Finlande au Tsar Alexandre Ier. Le Grand-Duché de Finlande devient un territoire autonome dont le Grand-Duc est le tsar. Il devient indépendant, le 6 décembre 1917.

Historical background


FINLAND - GRAND DUCHY - ALEXANDER II

(2/03/1855-13/03/1881)

Finland belonged to Sweden. After the interview of Tilsit between Napoleon and Alexander I, Tsar conquered, sale confirmed by the Treaty of Frederikshamn in 1809. The Principality of Finland was built in the Grand Duchy by the Act Borgaa the same year and the capital transferred Torku in Helsinki in 1812. Finland then enjoyed a century of peace until the Revolution of 1905. It regained its independence in 1917 and had to defend by force of arms against the Bolsheviks (6 December 1917). Alexander II (4/29/1818 - 3/13/1881), son of Nicolas I, is a reformer tsar. He ended the Crimean War and signed the Treaty of Paris. He abolished serfdom in 1861 and carries out adjustments and reforms of Russian everyday life. After the Polish revolt of 1863 and the increase nihilistic attacks, hardens its attitude emperor and Liberal, returns to the traditional autocracy. He was finally assassinated and his son Alexander III succeeded him.

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