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fme_574636 - DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Campagne d'Italie, refrappe

DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Campagne d Italie, refrappe XF
150.00 €(Approx. 163.50$ | 124.50£)
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Type : Médaille, Campagne d'Italie, refrappe
Date: 1796
Mint name / Town : s.l.
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 41,5 mm
Weight : 34,72 g.
Edge : lisse + corne BRONZE
Puncheon : corne BRONZE
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Patine hétérogène. La médaille présente des coups et rayures. léger nettoyage ancien
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : BUONOPARTE GENERAL EN CHEF DE LA BRAVE ARMEE DITALLIE.
Obverse description : Buste en habit brodé, à gauche, signé : P. F..

Reverse


Reverse legend : VOILA SOLDATS VALEUREUX LE FRUIT DE VOS TRAVAUX .
Reverse description : Bras tendu, tenant une branche de chêne.

Commentary


Bonaparte, d'après le premier dictionnaire Larousse, est un général corse né le 15 août 1769 et mort à Saint-Cloud le 9 novembre 1799. Il termine la notule par "Pour le reste, voir au tyran Napoléon". Dictionnaire politiquement correct s'il en fut! Bonaparte, est nommé général en chef de l'armée d'Italie, ce que rappelle ce jeton qui exalte les vertus des soldats qui servaient avec lui. Le portrait est très interessant et objectivement le premier de la série qui se termine avec la 2 F 1815.

Historical background


EXECUTIVE

(26/10/1795-9-10/11/1799)

Upon separation of the Convention, 25 October 1795, a new executive power under the constitution Thermidor is taking place. This constitution provides entrust power to a directory of five members, each of which governs turn with replacement of a member every two years. The Executive Board shall appoint ministers and officials, directs foreign policy and enforces the laws but he did not elaborate and has no control of public funds. Power is shared with two chambers: the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Elders which form the legislative body. This authority is committed to maintaining face the risk of a monarchical restoration or Jacobin reaction, but it is mostly paralyzed by the financial crisis and must renounce the scrip in 1796. Replacement of assignats by territorial mandates does not inspire more confidence and this new fiat currency is deleted in 1797. Faced with poverty and destabilization attempts, the Executive Board, accused of being a "bourgeois republic", returns to the revolutionary and policing. Moreover, since 1792, the war is continuous and the influence of military leaders is growing. In 1799, supporters of a strong power, which Sieyes, are at the Board and they open the way to power Bonaparte returned from Egypt. The State shot 18 and 19 Brumaire Year VIII allows the establishment of a military dictatorship under the name of Consulate.

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