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fme_709498 - DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Bataille de Montenotte, refrappe

DIRECTOIRE Médaille, Bataille de Montenotte, refrappe AU
50.00 €(Approx. 54.50$ | 41.50£)
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Type : Médaille, Bataille de Montenotte, refrappe
Date: (1796)
Mint name / Town : Monnaie de Paris
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 40,5 mm
Engraver GAYRARD Raymond (1777-1858) / JEUFFROY Romain Vincent (1749-1826)
Weight : 38,51 g.
Edge : lisse + corne BRONZE
Puncheon : corne BRONZE
Coments on the condition:
Patine hétérogène avec des marques d’usure sur les reliefs. Présence de quelques coups et rayures


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste de Bonaparte à droite, en costume de général en chef ; signé : GAYRARD F..


Reverse description : Victoire volant à droite, les ailes déployées, tenant une épée de la main droite et de la gauche, une palme et une couronne au-dessus du globe terrestre au niveau de l'Italie. Signé : JEUFFROY F. et DENON DIR..


Refrappe moderne (poinçon corne) d’une série de médailles exaltant la campagne d'Italie réalisées initialement après 1804.

Historical background



Upon separation of the Convention, 25 October 1795, a new executive power under the constitution Thermidor is taking place. This constitution provides entrust power to a directory of five members, each of which governs turn with replacement of a member every two years. The Executive Board shall appoint ministers and officials, directs foreign policy and enforces the laws but he did not elaborate and has no control of public funds. Power is shared with two chambers: the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Elders which form the legislative body. This authority is committed to maintaining face the risk of a monarchical restoration or Jacobin reaction, but it is mostly paralyzed by the financial crisis and must renounce the scrip in 1796. Replacement of assignats by territorial mandates does not inspire more confidence and this new fiat currency is deleted in 1797. Faced with poverty and destabilization attempts, the Executive Board, accused of being a "bourgeois republic", returns to the revolutionary and policing. Moreover, since 1792, the war is continuous and the influence of military leaders is growing. In 1799, supporters of a strong power, which Sieyes, are at the Board and they open the way to power Bonaparte returned from Egypt. The State shot 18 and 19 Brumaire Year VIII allows the establishment of a military dictatorship under the name of Consulate.

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