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bpv_346474 - DIOCLETIAN Tétradrachme

DIOCLETIAN Tétradrachme XF
950.00 €(Approx. 1045.00$ | 836.00£)
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Type : Tétradrachme
Date: c. 290/291 - 295/296
Mint name / Town : Alexandrie, Égypte
Metal : copper
Diameter : 18 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 6,32 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan épais bien centré des deux côtés à l’usure importante, mais lisible et identifiable avec les grènetis visibles. Usure marquée au droit. Représentation inhabituelle au revers. Patine marron foncé
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse description : Buste lauré, drapé et cuirassé de Dioclétien à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A*2).
Obverse legend : DIOKLETI-ANOS SEB. (DiokletianoV SebastoV).
Obverse translation : (Dioclétien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : IC-IC.
Reverse description : Isis drapée debout à gauche, tenant un sistre de la main droite et un sceptre long de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : (Isis).

Commentary


Mêmes coins que l’exemplaire de la vente Tkalec, 23 octobre 1992, n° 434 (décrit comme un follis). Ce type semble de la plus grande rareté.

Historical background


Diocletian

(20/11/284-1/05/305) Caius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus

August (20/11/284-1/05/305)

Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. It takes the purple after removing Aper, the praetorian prefect, stepfather and assassin Numerian, 20 November 284. Struggling against Carin first, last son of Carus, he was defeated at Margus the following year, but was assassinated and Carin Diocletian left alone august. He appoints Maximian, a compatriot, caesar in November 285 and august 1 April 286. It has created a new political regime, the diarchy where two emperors share the military and political power, but is still subject to Maximian Diocletian. Diocletian is placed under the protection Jovian (Jupiter) while Maximian is Herculean gasoline (Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign waging war in the East, while Maximian rest in the West. Diocletian was the first emperor of the Lower Empire, in the words of Gibbons, and founder of the dominat.

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