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brm_350704 - DIOCLETIAN Follis ou nummus

DIOCLETIAN Follis ou nummus XF
120.00 €(Approx. 128.40$ | 103.20£)
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Type : Follis ou nummus
Date: 302-303
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : billon
Diameter : 26 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 10,59 g.
Officine: 1re
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et ovale, bien centré des deux côtés. Portrait particulier, taillé à la serpe. Joli revers. Patine marron foncé, légèrement granuleuse
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Tête laurée de Dioclétien à droite (O*).
Obverse translation : "Imperator Cæsar Diocletianus Pius Felix Augustus", (L’empereur césar Dioclétien pieux heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN/ -|*// RP.
Reverse description : Moneta (la Monnaie) debout à gauche, tenant une balance de la main droite et une corne d'abondance de la gauche.
Reverse translation : "Sacra Moneta Urbis Augustorum et Caesarorum Nostri", (Monnaie sacrée de la Ville de nos augustes et césars).

Commentary


Rubans de type 2 aux extrémités bouletées.

Historical background


DIOCLETIAN

(20/11/284-1/05/305)

Augustus

Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. After having eliminated Aper, prefect of the praetorium, also father-in-law and assassin of Numérien, he put on the purple on November 20, 284. Fighting first against Carin, last son of Carus, he was beaten at Margus the following year. But Carin is assassinated and Diocletian alone remains august. He raised Maximian, a compatriot, to the rank of Caesar in November 285, then Augustus on April 1, 286. Diocletian had just created a new political regime, the dyarchy. Two emperors shared military and political power there, but Maximian remained subordinate to Diocletian. Diocletian places himself under the Jovian protection (of Jupiter) while Maximian is of Herculean essence (of Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign fighting in the East, while Maximian remained in the West. Diocletian is the first emperor of the Lower Empire, according to the expression of Gibbons, and the founder of the dominion.

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