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E-auction 342-256646 - DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus

DIOCLETIAN Aurelianus MS/AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 150 €
Price : 101 €
Maximum bid : 101 €
End of the sale : 04 November 2019 14:10:00
bidders : 5 bidders
Type : Aurelianus
Date: automne 289 - début 290
Date: 289-290
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 22,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 4,24 g.
Rarity : R3
Officine: 1re
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan parfaitement centré des deux côtés. Très beau portrait. Revers bien venu à la frappe. Patine grise avec des reflets métalliques, légèrement tachée
Catalogue references :
B.247 pl. XVII (11 ex.) - RIC.28  - C.147  - ROME 1/46 (cet ex.) - Compas-
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de ROME I, n° 46

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Dioclétien à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (A).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Diocletianus Augustus”, (L’empereur Dioclétien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : IOV-I A-VGG/ -|-// P.
Reverse description : Jupiter nu debout à gauche, le manteau sur l'épaule gauche, tenant un globe nicéphore de la main droite et un sceptre long de la gauche ; à ses pieds, un aigle debout à gauche, détournant la tête à droite.
Reverse translation : “Iovi Augustorum”, (Au Jupiter des augustes).

Commentary


Poids lourd. Avec l’intégralité de son argenture superficielle. Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Ptéryges invisibles sous le paludamentum. Sur cet exemplaire, les traits de Dioclétien ressemblent à ceux de Maximien Hercule, déjà signalé pour le type Bastien Supplément III, n° 246f et g techn. dont l’exemplaire provenant de la collection Daniel Compas.

Historical background


Diocletian

(20/11/284-1/05/305) Caius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus

August (20/11/284-1/05/305)

Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. It takes the purple after removing Aper, the praetorian prefect, stepfather and assassin Numerian, 20 November 284. Struggling against Carin first, last son of Carus, he was defeated at Margus the following year, but was assassinated and Carin Diocletian left alone august. He appoints Maximian, a compatriot, caesar in November 285 and august 1 April 286. It has created a new political regime, the diarchy where two emperors share the military and political power, but is still subject to Maximian Diocletian. Diocletian is placed under the protection Jovian (Jupiter) while Maximian is Herculean gasoline (Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign waging war in the East, while Maximian rest in the West. Diocletian was the first emperor of the Lower Empire, in the words of Gibbons, and founder of the dominat.

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