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E-auction 363-276025 - DIOCLETIAN Argenteus

DIOCLETIAN Argenteus VF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 180 €
Price : 61 €
Maximum bid : 61 €
End of the sale : 30 March 2020 14:27:30
bidders : 8 bidders
Type : Argenteus
Date: 294
Mint name / Town : Trèves
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 900 ‰
Diameter : 18,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 2,14 g.
Rarity : R3
Officine: 1re
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan mince et irrégulier à l’usure importante, lisible et identifiable. Métal piqué
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : DIOCLETI-ANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Tête laurée de Dioclétien à droite (O*).
Obverse translation : “Diocletianus Augustus”, (Dioclétien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : VICTORIA SARMAT/ -|-// HA.
Reverse description : Les Tétrarques, Dioclétien, Maximien, Constance et Galère, vêtus militairement, deux par deux, sacrifiant au-dessus d'un trépied allumé placé devant une enceinte composée de quatre tours.
Reverse translation : “Victoria Sarmatica” (La victoire sur les Sarmates).

Commentary


Poids extrêmement léger. C’est la première fois que nous proposons ce type pour l’atelier Trèves.
L'argenteus, comme le denier de Néron d'après la réforme de 64, était taillé à 1/96 de la livre (3,38 g). La victoire sur les Sarmates fut célébrée à partir de la fin 293 et, sur le monnayage, après la réforme de 294.

Historical background


Diocletian

(20/11/284-1/05/305) Caius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus

August (20/11/284-1/05/305)

Diocletian, born in 245 in Dalmatia (Split), is an Illyrian emperor. It takes the purple after removing Aper, the praetorian prefect, stepfather and assassin Numerian, 20 November 284. Struggling against Carin first, last son of Carus, he was defeated at Margus the following year, but was assassinated and Carin Diocletian left alone august. He appoints Maximian, a compatriot, caesar in November 285 and august 1 April 286. It has created a new political regime, the diarchy where two emperors share the military and political power, but is still subject to Maximian Diocletian. Diocletian is placed under the protection Jovian (Jupiter) while Maximian is Herculean gasoline (Hercules). Diocletian spent the first ten years of his reign waging war in the East, while Maximian rest in the West. Diocletian was the first emperor of the Lower Empire, in the words of Gibbons, and founder of the dominat.

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