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fme_557795 - II REPUBLIC Médaille, Commémoration des efforts éclatants

II REPUBLIC Médaille, Commémoration des efforts éclatants XF
80.00 €(Approx. 87.20$ | 66.40£)
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Type : Médaille, Commémoration des efforts éclatants
Date: 1848
Mint name / Town : 75 - Paris
Metal : tin
Diameter : 44,5 mm
Weight : 30,94 g.
Edge : lisse
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire présentant encore un reste de son brillant au revers. Présence de coups et rayures. Coup sur la tranche à 4 heures ayant entraîné un mouvement du métal sur l’avers
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : AU PEUPLE FRANÇAIS DÉFENSEUR LIBÉRATEUR ET SOUVERAIN DE LA FRANCE // 1848.
Obverse description : Allégorie de la France debout tenant un drapeau, et une balance, à cote d’une base de colonne avec un coq et la devise LIBERTÉ ÉGALITÉ FRATERNITÉ. Signé sur la plinthe : ALLEN & MOORE.

Reverse


Reverse legend : EN / COMMÉMORATION / DES EFFORTS ÉCLATANTS / ET HEUREUX D’UNE NATION / PUISSANTE POUR LA / LIBERTÉ / LE RENVERSEMENT DE LA / MONARCHIE / ET L’ÉTABLISSEMENT / DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE / FRANÇAISE / 1848.
Reverse description : Légende en douze lignes horizontales.

Commentary


D’après Jean-Pierre Collignon, le métal est de l’étain de Birmingham (Allen & Moore).

Historical background


SECOND REPUBLIC

(24/02/1848-2/12/1852)

During the revolution of February 1848, Louis-Philippe abdicated in favor of his grandson, son, but it is not recognized by the Chambers, February 24, the Republic was proclaimed by a decree of the Provisional Government. It proclaimed the freedom of labor, the abolition of the death penalty in politics, universal suffrage. National workshops were created in March 1848. Elections were held in April and lead to the success of moderate Republicans. The closing of the national workshops causes riots are quelled by General Cavaignac who is appointed Chairman of the Board. The rebels were executed, imprisoned, deported. The legislative power is vested in a single meeting as President of the Republic, elected by universal suffrage, holds executive. The latter is the Prince Louis Napoleon. It conflicts with the meeting in 1850 for his re-election is unconstitutional. Louis Napoleon then engages in the preparation of the coup, which enables him Dec. 2, 1851, to install a dictatorship. In November 1852, it is proposed to restore the hereditary imperial dignity. The plebiscite of November 21-22 gives nearly eight million yes for the Empire while not only collected about 250. 000 votes. December 2, 1852, Louis Napoleon was proclaimed emperor under the name of Napoleon III.

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