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fjt_744757 - CORPORATIONS Les marchands drapiers 1656

CORPORATIONS Les marchands drapiers VF
20.00 €(Approx. 21.80$ | 16.60£)
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Type : Les marchands drapiers
Date: 1656
Metal : brass
Diameter : 27,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 7,59 g.
Edge : lisse
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
nettoyé
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant de la Collection MARINECHE

Obverse


Obverse legend : EX. FLVMINE. VIRES.
Obverse description : Le Navire des Drapiers allant à gauche, poussé par le vent.
Obverse translation : Ses forces viennent des flots.

Reverse


Reverse legend : MENS. OMNIBVS. VNA ; À L'EXERGUE : 1656.
Reverse description : Une ruche et son essaim.
Reverse translation : Un seul esprit pour tous.

Commentary


Sur les armes des corporations, le nombre des navires correspond au rang de la communauté dans la hiérarchie des métiers. Le rôle du marchand drapier était d'étudier le goût, les demandes de ses clients et de les transmettre au fabricant. Le corps des drapiers avait seul le droit de vendre en gros et en détail, en magasin et en boutique, toutes sortes de draperies de laine et de soie.

Historical background


CORPORATIONS

In Rome, artisan groups existed: forming a college under the protection of a deity, with a house and a common fund. In medieval Europe, probably from religious brotherhoods were formed between economic groupings called Hanse merchants or ghilde. With the development of trade, the craftsmen organized in body or professional communities that grouped all those employed in the same profession: masters, journeymen or apprentices. To enter the body, it was necessary to "swear" the trade. In addition, there existed free trades that could be enjoyed by all. Each body was headed by a collegial body responsible for enforcing the rules of trade, to protect the business from the competition and lead the fraternal benefit society. At the end of the seventeenth century, the king began to sell as hereditary offices as a juror and corporate trustees which provoked serious financial difficulties at a time when corporations are met in addition to more new economic development requirements Industry and business concentration. This is also in England that corporations disappeared spontaneously because of the industrial revolution. Corporations will be deleted in France in 1791 by the Constituent Assembly.

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