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fjt_699403 - CORPORATIONS CORPORATIONS - Poulaillers - Jurés vendeurs de volailles 1709

CORPORATIONS CORPORATIONS - Poulaillers - Jurés vendeurs de volailles AU
120.00 €(Approx. 136.80$ | 99.60£)
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Type : CORPORATIONS - Poulaillers - Jurés vendeurs de volailles
Date: 1709
Metal : silver
Diameter : 30 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 8,10 g.
Rarity : R1
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : LUDOVICUS. MAGNUS. REX.
Obverse description : Tête à droite de Louis XIV signée TB en monogramme [n° 246].
Obverse translation : Louis le Grand, roi.

Reverse


Reverse legend : PRODERIT. HIS. PECUS. UT. VOLUCER ; À L'EXERGUE : JURE. VENDEURS. CONT. DE. VOLAILLE. 1709.
Reverse description : Adam nu, debout de face, et Eve nue, vue de dos, assise au pied de l'arbre au serpent placé à droite ; à gauche, nombreux quadrupèdes et oiseaux dont Adam désigne les noms, la main tendue vers eux, .
Reverse translation : Le bétail, comme la volaille, leur sera utile.

Commentary


Sous le nom peu élégant de "poulaillers" on a désigné pendant plusieurs siècles les marchands de volailles, gibiers en poil et en plume, abattis et diverses petites viandes. Ils se trouvaient en concurrence avec les regrattiers, les rôtisseurs, les cuisiniers-oyers, sans compter les marchands forains qui envahissaient les marchés ; aussi leur métier, libre et sans privilèges, finit par disparaître vers le XVIe siècle, absorbé par le nombre toujours croissant des marchands de l'approvisionnement et par les employés chargés de la surveillance des marchés, pourvus de l'office de vendeur de volailles.

Historical background


CORPORATIONS

In Rome, artisan groups existed: forming a college under the protection of a deity, with a house and a common fund. In medieval Europe, probably from religious brotherhoods were formed between economic groupings called Hanse merchants or ghilde. With the development of trade, the craftsmen organized in body or professional communities that grouped all those employed in the same profession: masters, journeymen or apprentices. To enter the body, it was necessary to "swear" the trade. In addition, there existed free trades that could be enjoyed by all. Each body was headed by a collegial body responsible for enforcing the rules of trade, to protect the business from the competition and lead the fraternal benefit society. At the end of the seventeenth century, the king began to sell as hereditary offices as a juror and corporate trustees which provoked serious financial difficulties at a time when corporations are met in addition to more new economic development requirements Industry and business concentration. This is also in England that corporations disappeared spontaneously because of the industrial revolution. Corporations will be deleted in France in 1791 by the Constituent Assembly.

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