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fjt_698620 - CORPORATIONS Commerce de draperie, frappe médaille 1755

CORPORATIONS Commerce de draperie, frappe médaille XF
150.00 €(Approx. 169.50$ | 127.50£)
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Type : Commerce de draperie, frappe médaille
Date: 1755
Metal : silver
Diameter : 30 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 8,54 g.
Edge : striée
Rarity : R1
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : COMMERCE DE DRAPERIE DE LA VILLE DE LYON 1755.
Obverse description : Écu aux armes de Lyon dans un cartouche de style rocaille tenu par le Rhône et la Saône assis, avec leurs urnes, un lion couché entre eux ; à l'exergue : 1755..

Reverse


Reverse legend : DITAT VESTIT ET ORNAT 1755.
Reverse description : Le vaisseau des Argonautes à la conquête de la Toison d’or suspendue à une branche d’arbre et défendue par un dragon dont la queue s’enroule autour du tronc ; à l'exergue : 1755..
Reverse translation : (Elle enrichit, habille et orne).

Commentary


Exemplaire en frappe médaille. Cette communauté avait dès le XVe siècle sa confrérie aux Célestins dans la chapelle des Dix-mille martyrs, puis elle se transporta à l'Hôtel-Dieu. Ce jeton fut décidé lors de l’assemblée générale de la confrérie du 12 juin 1755. Des bourses de soixante jetons furent distribuées aux deux syndics, au trésorier, au secrétaire et aux deux courriers ainsi qu’aux anciens courriers encore en vie et pour tous les nouveaux officiers de la communauté à l’avenir.

Historical background


CORPORATIONS

In Rome, artisan groups existed: forming a college under the protection of a deity, with a house and a common fund. In medieval Europe, probably from religious brotherhoods were formed between economic groupings called Hanse merchants or ghilde. With the development of trade, the craftsmen organized in body or professional communities that grouped all those employed in the same profession: masters, journeymen or apprentices. To enter the body, it was necessary to "swear" the trade. In addition, there existed free trades that could be enjoyed by all. Each body was headed by a collegial body responsible for enforcing the rules of trade, to protect the business from the competition and lead the fraternal benefit society. At the end of the seventeenth century, the king began to sell as hereditary offices as a juror and corporate trustees which provoked serious financial difficulties at a time when corporations are met in addition to more new economic development requirements Industry and business concentration. This is also in England that corporations disappeared spontaneously because of the industrial revolution. Corporations will be deleted in France in 1791 by the Constituent Assembly.

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