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bry_768410 - CHARLES IV "THE FAIR" Maille blanche n.d.

CHARLES IV  THE FAIR  Maille blanche n.d.  VF
90.00 €(Approx. 97.20$ | 77.40£)
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Type : Maille blanche
Date: 02/03/1323
Date: n.d. 
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 798 ‰
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 11 h.
Weight : 1,15 g.
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie frappée sur un flan irrégulier présentant un éclatement à 1h à l’avers. Patine hétérogène avec la présence de taches sombres
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : + KAROLVS° REX. ; LÉGENDE EXTÉRIEURE : + BNDICTV: SIT: NOME: DNI: NRI (PONCTUATION PAR TROIS POINTS SUPERPOSÉS).
Obverse description : Croix.
Obverse translation : (Charles, roi ; béni soit le nom de notre Seigneur Dieu).

Reverse


Reverse legend : + FRANCORVM°.
Reverse description : Châtel tournois. Bordure extérieure de dix lis.
Reverse translation : (des Francs).

Historical background


CHARLES IV "THE FAIR"

(30/01/1322-01/02/1328)

Born in Clermont-sur-Oise in 1293, last of the sons of Philippe le Bel, Charles IV succeeded his brother Philippe V le Long. This short reign is the prelude to the Hundred Years' War, the third and last century of the long struggle begun at the time of the first crusades between the Capetians and the kings of England, successors of the Conqueror.. Edward II's relations with Charles' predecessors had been rather cordial. But, in 1322, the King of England made it difficult to pay homage to his new suzerain for Aquitaine and Ponthieu. In 1323, Charles IV decided to build a bastide in Saint-Sardos, in the Agenais, a town left to France by the Treaty of Amiens.. The seneschal of Guyenne, Ralph Basset, had the town sacked and the royal officers hanged. In response, on July 1, 1324, the King of France pronounced the confiscation of Guyenne and Ponthieu. Charles de Valois occupied the duchy, except Bordeaux and Bayonne. After a first agreement which made the future Edward III the Duke of Aquitaine, Charles IV occupied Ponthieu and Aquitaine a second time (1327). On March 31, 1327, an agreement was reached with Isabella of France, regent of England: the English possessions were reduced to a thin coastal strip between Saintes and Bayonne.. Charles IV died the following year, without an heir. With him died out the line of direct Capétiens. The crown passed to his closest male relative, Philippe, Count of Valois.

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