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fjt_713849 - CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE / CHAMBRES DE COMMERCE Chambre de commerce de La Rochelle (CHARLES X) 1825

CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE / CHAMBRES DE COMMERCE Chambre de commerce de La Rochelle (CHARLES X) AU
180.00 €(Approx. 194.40$ | 153.00£)
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Type : Chambre de commerce de La Rochelle (CHARLES X)
Date: 1825
Metal : silver
Diameter : 32,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 18,21 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : sans poinçon
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Patine hétérogène, des frottements dans les champs. Présence de coups et rayures
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : CAROLUS X FRANC ET NAV REX.
Obverse description : Tête de Charles X à droite signée N Tiolier.

Reverse


Reverse legend : DITAT ET ORNAT ET À L'EXERGUE : CHAMBRE DE COMMERCE DU DEPT DE LA CHTE INFRE.
Reverse description : Vue du port de La Rochelle et de la ville.
Reverse translation : Elle enrichit et orne.

Commentary


La titulature géographique de la Chambre de Commerce va changer plusieurs fois selon les régimes politiques, provoquant des changements de légendes de jetons.

Historical background


CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE / CHAMBRES DE COMMERCE

The first chamber of commerce was that of Marseille, created at the end of the 16th century. For Paris, the six corps of merchants and the judge-consuls had a role similar to that of a chamber of commerce: an association of merchants gathered to deliberate on the interests of their city or region and to give their opinion to the government. Colbert legalizes them in 1664 by establishing that each place of commerce will choose two of them to represent them. However, the institution was not really established until the decision of the Council of August 30, 1701, and many chambers of commerce appeared in the 18th century in Lyon, Rouen, Toulouse, Montpellier, Bordeaux, etc. The most important of them is Marseilles which had attributions in all the trade of Levant and was of the department of Foreign Affairs, the others concerned the General control of Finances. Abolished by the Constituent Assembly in 1791, the chambers of commerce were re-established under the Consulate. Since 1832, their recruitment is done by elections, they have become chambers of commerce and industry since 1898, grouped into 21 regional chambers.

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