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Live auction - bgr_340737 - BITHYNIA - BITHYNIAN KINGDOM - SOCRATES CHRESTUS Tétradrachme

BITHYNIA - BITHYNIAN KINGDOM - SOCRATES CHRESTUS Tétradrachme AU
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Estimate : 1 200 €
Price : 750 €
Maximum bid : 750 €
End of the sale : 11 December 2014 23:23:50
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Tétradrachme
Date: an 205
Mint name / Town : Nicomédie, Mysie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 32 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 16,15 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Magnifique portrait sur un flan large et complet des deux côtés avec une extraordinaire patine de médaillier grise. Flan légèrement irrégulier. Revers de joli style
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la vente Giessener Münzhandlung 101, 6 mars 2002, n° 257 et de MONNAIES 34, n° 181

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête diadémée du roi Nicomède IV à droite.

Reverse


Reverse description : Zeus nu jusqu’à la ceinture, barbu debout à gauche, tenant un sceptre long de main gauche et couronnant le nom de Nicomède de la main droite ; dans le champ à gauche, un petit aigle debout à gauche sur un foudre.
Reverse legend : BASILEWS/ EPIFANOUS/ NIKOMHDOU/ ES/ (AGR).
Reverse translation : (du roi lumineux Nicomède an 205).

Commentary


Même coin de droit que l’exemplaire de NFA, 18 octobre 1990, n° 715, mais autre coin de revers. C’est le deuxième exemplaire signalé pour ce coin et le huitième pour l’émission.

Historical background


Bithynia - UNITED Bithynia - Socrates chrestos

(93-88 BC)

Socrates is an illegitimate son of Nicomedes III as his half-brother Nicomedes IV. He lives in retirement at Cyzicus and immediately recognizes her brother's accession. While Nicomedes IV married Nysa, daughter of Ariarathes VI of Cappadocia and niece of Mithridates VI of Pontus, Socrates went to Nicomedia and denounces a plot of Nysa to overthrow her husband. Nicomedes grants him the title of Chrestos (the Good). The following year, he went to Rome to claim his inheritance, he is rejected and then returned to Cyzicus. After incredible adventures, he finds himself in Mithridates VI of Pontus who helps to invade Bithynia. Nicomedes fled and will seek justice in Rome (91 BC). Nicomedes recovered by Manius Aquillius. Mithridates seizes Cappadocia. Nicomedes at the head of a large army was defeated by Mithridates and qu'Aquillius and Cassius. Nicomedes refuge in Rome. Mithridates VI invades the province of Asia. It gets rid of Socrates that it is no longer of any use. The first Mithridatic war ended with the Treaty of Dardanus in 86 BC.

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