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Live auction - bgr_614098 - BACTRIA - BACTRIAN KINGDOM - MENANDER I SOTER Drachme

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live-auctionLive starting :
2020/10/27 14:00:00
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Type : Drachme
Date: c. 160-155 AC.
Mint name / Town : Atelier incertain
Metal : silver
Diameter : 16,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 2,47 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Superbe exemplaire, idéalement centré. Buste de toute beauté. A conservé une partie de son coupant. Patine grise de collection
Catalogue references :


Obverse description : Buste héroïque de Ménandre à gauche diadémé avec l'égide sur l'épaule ornée de la tête de Méduse en pointe, vu de trois quarts en arrière, tenant une javeline transversale.
Obverse legend : BASILEWS SWTHROS// MENANDROU, (Basilews Swthros Menandrou).
Obverse translation : (du roi sauveur Ménandre).


Reverse description : Athéna Alkidémos combattant à droite, casquée et drapée, tenant de la main gauche un bouclier orné de l'égide et brandissant de la main droite un foudre ; derrière, un monogramme.
Reverse translation : (du roi sauveur Ménandre).


Drachme bilingue. Pour ce type l’un des premiers du règne de Ménandre, nous avons quatorze exemplaires recensés dans les grandes collections. La Série 3 comprend quatre sous-groupes. Deux exemplaires font partie de la collection de la Bibliothèque nationale de France (5-6, pl. 26) dont un provenant de Mir Zakah. Sur cet exemplaire, en plus de l’égide sur l’épaule, nous découvrons la tête de Méduse posée à la pointe de l’épaule.

Historical background

BACTRIA - Bactrian kingdom - Menander I SOTER

(165/155-130 BC)

Menander is, according to O. Bopearachchi, the greatest monarch of Bactria. From Alexandria of the Caucasus, he was of royal blood or have belonged to the Greek aristocracy. Next Strabo (XI, 11), Menander would have extended to Greek Bactria conquering India northwest. Its capital was Sagala not yet identified. It would come into conflict with Eucratides I, causing a civil war which would have ruined Bactria. On the death of Eucratides Menander recovered part of the territory of the latter. At his death in 130 BC, the kingdom disintegrated.

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