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Live auction - bgr_604845 - BACTRIA - BACTRIAN KINGDOM - MENANDER I SOTER Drachme bilingue

BACTRIA - BACTRIAN KINGDOM - MENANDER I SOTER Drachme bilingue AU/MS
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 350 €
Price : 200 €
Maximum bid : 200 €
End of the sale : 28 July 2020 14:26:27
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Drachme bilingue
Date: c. 160-155 AC.
Metal : silver
Diameter : 17 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 2,37 g.
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire bien centré des deux côtés. Superbe revers de style fin. La monnaie a conservé une grande partie de son coupant d’origine. Joli buste. Patine grise avec de légers reflets dorés
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse description : Buste diadémé et drapé de Ménandre à droite.
Obverse legend : BASILEWS SWTHROS// MENANDROU.
Obverse translation : (Roi très grand Ménandre).

Reverse


Reverse legend : LÉGENDE KHAROSHTHI "MAHARAJASA TRATASARA MENAMDRASA".
Reverse description : Athéna Alkidémos combattant à gauche, casquée et drapée, tenant de la main gauche un bouclier orné de l'égide et brandissant de la main droite un foudre ; derrière, un monogramme.
Reverse translation : (Roi très grand Ménandre).

Historical background


BACTRIA - Bactrian kingdom - Menander I SOTER

(165/155-130 BC)

Menander is, according to O. Bopearachchi, the greatest monarch of Bactria. From Alexandria of the Caucasus, he was of royal blood or have belonged to the Greek aristocracy. Next Strabo (XI, 11), Menander would have extended to Greek Bactria conquering India northwest. Its capital was Sagala not yet identified. It would come into conflict with Eucratides I, causing a civil war which would have ruined Bactria. On the death of Eucratides Menander recovered part of the territory of the latter. At his death in 130 BC, the kingdom disintegrated.

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