Obverse legend : [O MARTINVS MONETA].
Obverse description : Tête radiée à droite ; légende autour.
Reverse legend : + AVRILIANIS CIV.
Reverse description : Croix latine dont les bras sont accostés de petites perles ; une croisette initiale à la base de la croix ; grènetis.
AVRELIANORVM CIVITAS - ORLEANS (Loiret)
(Seventh to eighth century)
Cenabum was founded in antiquity. It was a Gallic stronghold, one of the main cities of the tribe of Carnutes. Port for major trade corporation Boatmen of the Loire, it was conquered and destroyed by Julius Caesar in 52 BC. J. C-. Then reconstructed Roman. The city has always been a strategic crossing point of the Loire as it is about the most northern river so closer to Paris. The city grew as an economic boom, the Roman Emperor Aurelian was refounded as a new capital city detached Carnutes. She was named Aurelian city then simply Orleans by simplification and phonetic evolution. Accompanied by the Vandals, Alans crossed the Loire in 408. One of their groups, led by Goar agreed to join the Roman military. Aetius installs on the Loire and Orleans. A hundred communities in Orleans remember installing this people Allaines, Allainville, etc.. In the Middle Ages Orleans is one of the three richest cities in France with Paris and Rouen, again thanks to its proximity to Paris and its crossing over the Loire. In Merovingian Orleans was the capital of the kingdom of Orleans following the division of the kingdom of Clovis I in four. The workshop Orleans was quite prolific in the Merovingian period. Its production is characterized by a wide variety of types, both for gold as money. Source: Wikipedia. org.