Obverse legend : [IMP CAES - AVGVSTVVS].
Obverse description : Tête nue d’Auguste à droite (O°) .
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Augustus”, (L’empereur César Auguste).
Reverse legend : COL IVL .
Reverse description : Rite de fondation de cité avec un prêtre voilé et drapé derrière une paire de bœufs.
Reverse translation : “Colonia Iulia”, (Colonie Julienne).
(01/16/27 BC - 08/19/14 AD)
Augustus, after Actium and the taking of Alexandria, remains the sole master of the Roman Empire. He gave his powers to the senate in 27 and was honored with the title of august, giving birth to a new political regime: the principate.. The next forty years will be devoted to structuring and consolidating the system put in place by Augustus on the political, economic and cultural level.. He is assisted by Agrippa, who becomes his son-in-law by marrying his daughter Julia in 21 BC.. -VS. and bears him two grandsons, Caius and Lucius. Unfortunately, Agrippa, friend and double, died in 12 BC.. -VS. On the military level, he is seconded first by Drusus then by Tiberius - the two sons of his third wife, Livia. On the cultural level, the arbiter of fashions is Patron. With his epic the Aeneid, new Iliad and Odyssey, Virgil recalls the mythical birth of Rome and exalts the Roman virtues.. With skillful diplomatic and military activity, and despite the disaster of Varus in 9 AD, Augustus fixed the limes on the Rhine-Danubian front, benefiting from the repeated campaigns of Drusus, then Tiberius, and the end of the reign of Germanicus, son of Drusus. The relative peace with the Parthians is materialized by the return of the ensigns and prisoners of Carrhae (53 BC. -VS. ) in 20 BC. -VS. This event has a considerable impact. Augustus also reorganizes the senatorial and imperial provinces. He reserves the administration of Egypt. The last twenty years of his reign are dedicated to the preparation of his succession. One after the other, Agrippa died in 12 BC.. -VS. , Drusus in 9 BC. -VS. , then his two grandsons, Lucius in 2 and Caius in 4. Aged 77, Auguste died in Nola on August 19, 14, leaving the throne to Tiberius, new husband of Julie, already twice widowed.. His hopes also rest on Germanicus while Agrippa Posthumus has been sidelined. After his death, Augustus is deified and the Romans give his name to the eighth month of the year, August (augustus).