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fjt_728522 - CLERGY ASSEMBLY AND RELIGIOUS JETONS 1598

CLERGY ASSEMBLY AND RELIGIOUS JETONS  F
15.00 €(Approx. 16.35$ | 12.45£)
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Date: 1598
Metal : brass
Diameter : 28 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 5,54 g.
Edge : lisse
Rarity : R1
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant de la Collection MARINECHE

Obverse


Obverse legend : REVERSVS. VICTOR. IN. PACE. IVD. 8. ; À L'EXERGUE : 1598.
Obverse description : Henri IV debout de face, tenant un sceptre de la main droite et deux rameaux dans la gauche.
Obverse translation : Une fois vainqueur, il revient à la Paix.

Reverse


Reverse legend : PAX. SACRA. TVETVR ; À L'EXERGUE : ECCL. RATION.
Reverse description : La Religion tenant deux rameaux, protégeant une chapelle.
Reverse translation : La Paix sacrée en est le garant.

Commentary


Après quelques victoires contre les Espagnols, dont celle d'Amiens en septembre 1597, la paix est signée avec l'Espagne en mai 1598. Malgré l'opposition de l'Assemblée, l'édit de pacification religieuse de Nantes est signé cette même année.

Historical background


ASSEMBLY OF THE CLERGY AND RELIGIOUS CHIPS

The Assembly of the clergy is the ecclesiastical institution of the ancien regime France. She enjoys the protection of the King and tax immunity (formulated at the Councils of Lateran III and IV - 1179 and 1215). Two kinds of assemblies are distinguished: small, say "meetings of accounts", bringing together thirty-two Members (two per province) and large assemblies (sixty-four deputies) called to resolve religious issues ( relations with Rome, Protestants, Jansenism, etc..). The last meeting was held in 1788. Biblio:. MOUSNIER R., "The Institutions of France under the absolute monarchy," Paris, 1974, vol. I, p. 284-288;. BLET P.,. "The clergy of France and the monarchy Study on general assemblies of the clergy of France in 1615-1666," 2 vols, Rome, 1959.

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