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brm_543896 - SEVERUS ALEXANDER Sesterce

SEVERUS ALEXANDER Sesterce XF/VF
120.00 €(Approx. 129.60$ | 105.60£)
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Type : Sesterce
Date: 231
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : copper
Diameter : 32 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 20,92 g.
Officine: 2e
Coments on the condition:
Flan large et bien centré. Joli buste, bien venu à la frappe. Revers quasi TTB à l’usure régulière. Patine vert foncé
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP SEV ALE-XANDER AVG.
Obverse description : Buste lauré d'Alexandre Sévère à droite, drapé sur l'épaule gauche (O*2).
Obverse translation : "Imperator Severus Alexander Augustus", (L’empereur Sévère Alexandre auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : IOVI CONSER-VATORI// S|C.
Reverse description : Jupiter debout de face, nu, regardant à gauche, le manteau déployé derrière lui, tenant un foudre de la main droite et un sceptre de la gauche ; à ses pieds, Alexandre Sévère debout à gauche, vêtu de la toge, tenant la mappa.
Reverse translation : “Iovi Conservatori”, (À Jupiter le sauveur).

Commentary


Rubans de type 1. Grand pan de paludamentum sur l’épaule gauche, visible des deux côtés. Sur cet exemplaire, Alexandre Sévère est petit placé sous la protection de Jupiter.
Lors de cette émission, la deuxième officine utilisa deux légendes de revers pour le type Jupiter : Iovi statori et Iovi Conservatori.

Historical background


ALEXANDRE SEVERE

(10/05/221-22/03/235) Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander

August (13/03/222-22/02/235)

Alexander Severus, whose real name Gessius Alexianus Bassianus, was born in 208 at Caesarea Phoenicia. He is the son of Julia and Mamee Gessius Marcianus, a Syrian-born procurator. It is also the grand-son of Julia Maesa, sister of Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus, mother of Caracalla and Geta. He was adopted by his cousin Elagabalus 10 May 221. When the latter was assassinated on March 13 222, it was Alexander Severus, who was chosen to succeed him. It remains under the influence of her mother until the end of his reign. Ulpian was appointed prefect of the praetorium, but it will unfortunately killed by soldiers in 223. In 225 he married Orbiane soon to be relegated. From 231, the borders of the Empire are threatened. It is primarily an expedition against the new Sassanid monarch Ardashir which ended in a truce in 233, the emperor to visit the Rhine limes that the Germans crossed. The emperor and his mother were murdered in 235.

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