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Live auction - fmd_419431 - 5 francs Union et Force, Union serré, seulement gland extérieur 1799 Paris F.294/27

5 francs Union et Force, Union serré, seulement gland extérieur 1799 Paris F.294/27 AU58
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Estimate : 900 €
Price : 920 €
Maximum bid : 931 €
End of the sale : 14 March 2017 16:24:47
bidders : 5 bidders
Type : 5 francs Union et Force, Union serré, seulement gland extérieur
Date: An 7 (1798-1799)
Mint name / Town : Paris
Quantity minted : ---
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 900 ‰
Diameter : 38,76 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 25,03 g.
Edge : décorée en creux : GARANTIE NATIONALE
Rarity : R1
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : UNION ET FORCE.*.
Obverse description : Hercule barbu demi-nu, debout de face avec la léonté, sur son épaule gauche une patte du lion, sur son bras et autour de sa taille la peau du lion de Némée, derrière ses jambes queue et pattes du lion, unissant la Liberté debout à gauche tournée à droite tenant une pique surmontée d'un bonnet phrygien, vêtue d'un peplos, et l'Égalité debout à droite tournée à gauche, tenant le niveau, vêtue d'un chiton ; à l'exergue Dupré signé en cursif entre deux points, légende serrée.

Reverse


Reverse legend : RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE*.
Reverse description : 5 / FRANCS., en deux lignes ; au-dessous un trait séparatif et L'AN 7 . , le tout contenu dans une couronne composée à gauche d'une branche de laurier, à droite d'une branche de chêne avec grande feuille finale (deux glands intérieurs sur le haut de la branche de droite, un gland à l'extérieur sur le bas de cette branche), nouées à leur base par un ruban ; au-dessous la lettre d'atelier A entre deux points.

Commentary


Tranche B.

Historical background


EXECUTIVE

(26/10/1795-9-10/11/1799)

Upon separation of the Convention, 25 October 1795, a new executive power under the constitution Thermidor is taking place. This constitution provides entrust power to a directory of five members, each of which governs turn with replacement of a member every two years. The Executive Board shall appoint ministers and officials, directs foreign policy and enforces the laws but he did not elaborate and has no control of public funds. Power is shared with two chambers: the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Elders which form the legislative body. This authority is committed to maintaining face the risk of a monarchical restoration or Jacobin reaction, but it is mostly paralyzed by the financial crisis and must renounce the scrip in 1796. Replacement of assignats by territorial mandates does not inspire more confidence and this new fiat currency is deleted in 1797. Faced with poverty and destabilization attempts, the Executive Board, accused of being a "bourgeois republic", returns to the revolutionary and policing. Moreover, since 1792, the war is continuous and the influence of military leaders is growing. In 1799, supporters of a strong power, which Sieyes, are at the Board and they open the way to power Bonaparte returned from Egypt. The State shot 18 and 19 Brumaire Year VIII allows the establishment of a military dictatorship under the name of Consulate.

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