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E-auction 411-323534 - SECOND EMPIRE Médaille, Musée national de Picardie

SECOND EMPIRE Médaille, Musée national de Picardie AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 160 €
Price : 72 €
Maximum bid : 138 €
End of the sale : 01 March 2021 18:35:30
bidders : 9 bidders
Type : Médaille, Musée national de Picardie
Date: 1870
Mint name / Town : 80 - Amiens
Metal : copper
Diameter : 52 mm
Engraver CAQUÉ Armand Auguste (1795-1881)
Weight : 70 g.
Edge : lisse + main CUIVRE
Puncheon : main indicatrice (1845-1860) et CUIVRE
Coments on the condition:
Superbe médaille avec un très beau portrait au droit. Fine patine brune, bien homogène. Traces de manipulation

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP. NAPOLIONI. III. AVG. OPTIMO. LIB. ARTIBVM. ADIVTORI..
Obverse description : Tête nue à gauche ; signé au-dessous CAQUE F..

Reverse


Reverse legend : LEGE. LATA D. XX. M. APRIL. A. R. S. M. DCCC. LIIII // LOCVS / MVSEO. NEAPOLIONIANO / AEDIFICANDO. AP. AMBIANOS / SOCIETATI. ANTIQVAR. PICARDIAE / FELICI. MEMOIQVE / PVBLICE. DATVS.
Reverse description : Légende en six lignes, signé : MASSONET EDITEUR.

Commentary


Le musée de Picardie est un musée d'art et d'archéologie situé à Amiens, en France. Il regroupe de riches collections qui vont de la Préhistoire au XXe siècle, notamment en archéologie et en peinture. Il a reçu le label « musée de France ».
Le musée fut créé en 1802 sous le nom « musée Napoléon », en référence à l'empereur Napoléon Ier, considéré comme le « fondateur » du musée, après qu'il eut envoyé une série de tableaux à l'occasion de la signature de la paix d'Amiens.
Le bâtiment actuel du musée fut construit entre 1855 et 1867 sur les plans des architectes Henri Parent et Arthur Diet qui prirent modèle sur l'agrandissement du Palais du Louvre de Napoléon III. Véritable palais, le bâtiment a été spécifiquement conçu - ce qui, à l'époque, était une véritable innovation - pour être un musée accueillant les collections régionales d'antiquités et des œuvres d'art. C'est aussi un bâtiment à la gloire de la Picardie et à ses hommes illustres. Sur les médaillons de la façade sont sculptés les portraits d'Antoine Parmentier, Jean de La Fontaine, Robert de Luzarches… Sur le plafond peint du grand salon on peut voir Jeanne Hachette, Pierre l'Ermite, Jean Racine…
Il est l'un des premiers établissements modernes de ce type bâti en France et servit de modèle pour d'autres villes. L'édifice a été créé grâce à l'action militante de la Société des antiquaires de Picardie, soucieuse de doter la cité d'un équipement propre à accueillir les objets récoltés depuis des décennies..

Historical background


SECOND EMPIRE

(2/12/1852-4/09/1870)

Proclaimed emperor under the name of Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon made his solemn entry into Paris December 2, 1852. He married Marie Eugenie de Montijo, a Spanish aristocrat, in January 1853. His reign can be divided into three periods: the authoritarian Empire until 1860, the Liberal Empire from 1860 to 1870 and the Parliamentary Empire in 1870. During the authoritarian Empire, Napoleon III exerts its unchallenged power, control the press while newspapers practice self-censorship to avoid deletion. Prefects exercise unlimited power in the departments, mayors, civil servants are appointed by the government. As under the First Empire, Education and the University are monitored. Now the main principles of the revolution, the people's sovereignty is continued through consultation by plebiscite. On the economic front, the growth is important, industrialization develops and credit agencies and department stores. Military prestige is enhanced by the Crimean War that allows France to play an international role. The attack Orsini (January 1858) does not preclude the France to intervene in Italy to overcome the principle of nationalities and allows the annexation of Nice and Savoy by the Treaty of Turin (March 1860). In 1860, the Empire is moving towards more freedoms: free trade treaty of commerce with England, the appearance of a weak opposition in the Legislature, granting the right to strike (1864), liberalization of the press (1868). On the international level, France acquires New Caledonia, Cochin and encourages digging of the Suez Canal by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Mexico, support for Maximilian and Austria, however, is a failure. The elections of 1869 are very bad for the regime and the opposition gets 45% of votes. The system then evolves towards a parliamentary Empire calling Émile Ollivier, chief Orléanist and Liberal party in power. After Sadowa in 1866 when Prussia crushed Austria, the case of the throne of Spain and the Ems telegram lead to war was declared July 19, 1870. Accumulating setbacks, the French army was surrounded in Metz and Napoleon III, sick, capitulated at Sedan on September 2. As soon as the news was known, the decay of the Empire is announced by Gambetta and the Republic was proclaimed on September 4. Napoleon III was then taken captive in Hesse and share in Kent, where he died in 1873.

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