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E-auction 2-10 - SANTONES (Area of Saintes) Bronze CONTOVTOS (quadrans)

SANTONES (Area of Saintes) Bronze CONTOVTOS (quadrans)
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 95 €
Price : 24 €
Maximum bid : 25 €
End of the sale : 21 March 2013 14:04:30
bidders : 3 bidders
Type : Bronze CONTOVTOS (quadrans) 
Date : Ier siècle avant J.-C. 
Metal : bronze 
Diameter : 15,35  mm
Orientation dies : 12  h.
Weight : 1,31  g.
Rarity : R1 
Coments on the condition : Flan large avec une patine verte légèrement piquée 
Catalogue references :
Obverse
Reverse
Commentary
Historical background
Obverse legend : CONTOVTOS, N et T ligaturées .
Obverse description : Tête masculine romanisée à droite les cheveux courts .
Reverse legend : Anépigraphe .
Reverse description : Louve bondissant à droite, la gueule ouverte ; sous les pattes, un bucrane ; derrière, un buisson .
Ce type de quadrans est souvent frappé sur un flan plus large que les coins qui servent à le frapper
Ces petits bronzes, qui sont certainement des quadrans comme pour les monnayages de la Provincia, sont tardifs et postérieurs à la Guerre des Gaules. Au siècle dernier, ces monnaies étaient attribuées aux Pétrocores. Brigitte Fischer les donne aux Pictons. Simone Scheers attribue ces bronzes aux Santons en se rangeant à l'avis de Jean Hiernard qui pense que ce monnayage constitue le numéraire du pagus Niortais, J. Hiernard, les monnaies antiques de Niort (Deux-Sèvres), Aquitania 2, 1984, p.64-68.

SANTONS (Region Saintes)

(Second - first century BC)

The Santon were a people who lived in the Celtic north of the estuary of the Gironde. They occupied the territory covering the Saintonge, Aunis and Angoumois. The territory of the civitas is placed on the current departments of Charente, Charente-Maritime and the northern part of the Gironde. Their original name is found in the province and its capital, Saintes. They are mentioned several times by Caesar in the Gallic Wars, in particular about the migration of the Helvetii in 58 BC In fact, the territory of Santon could be the purpose of this transfer of population. In 52 BC, they provided a contingent of twelve thousand men for the army of relief. They had neighbors Pictones the Lemovices and Bituriges Vivisques. Caesar (Bg. I, 10 and 11, III, 11 VII, 75).