Obverse legend : LUD. XV. REX CHRISTIANISS.
Obverse description : Buste à droite de Louis XV signé F.M. [n° 322 var, position de la légende et boucles].
Obverse translation : Louis XV, roi très chrétien.
Reverse legend : LEX. EST. QVODCVMQ. NOTAMVS ; À L'EXERGUE : CONERS DU ROY ET NOTAIRES. 1720.
Reverse description : Le gnomon.
Reverse translation : Est Loi ce que nous consignons.
At the end of the Ancien Régime, the royal notary is a public official responsible for drafting documents to which private parties want to give a character of authenticity. Only notaries of Paris have the privilege of exercising throughout France. A royal notary province has jurisdiction only within the jurisdiction of the court from which it was received (at least 25 years, and after an investigation into his life and manners). An edict of July 1682 makes it mandatory for all the Catholics to exercise notarial load. Notaries are organized brotherhood or community, and enjoy a different social prestige by city. Parisian notary is powerful, and enjoys the protection of the Comptroller General of Finance (and he escapes formalities control acts). Some officers buy the ennobling office of secretary of the King to complete their social ascent. In contrast, rural notaries receive little consideration. The list of grievances often mention dishonest and incapable officers! In most cities, however, the notary is a significant, though its revenues are modest. Finally, everywhere, without exception, the lawyer is the one who holds the pen. It is therefore both clerk, secretary communities inhabitants intendant of noble families, etc.. J. -P. Fish are four main categories of notarial acts under the Old Regime: 1) acts on the right credit (bonds, leases, etc.. ), 2) economic affairs (sales, trade, employment contracts, etc.. ) 3) family law (marriage contracts, donations, wills, shares, etc.. ) 4) right of the Ancien Régime and ecclesiastical law (annuity payment, fealty, religious professions, taken possession of cures, etc.. ). Biblio. : R Aubenas. , "Study on the Provencal notary in the Middle Ages and under the Ancien Régime", Aix-en-Provence, 1931 GASTON J. "The community of Notaries of Bordeaux, 1520-1791", Bordeaux, 1913 M LIMON. -F. "The notary at the Châtelet in Paris under the reign of Louis XIV. Institutional and social study ", Toulouse, 1992.