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Live auction - brm_645765 - MARCUS ANTONIUS Denier

MARCUS ANTONIUS Denier AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2021/03/09 14:00:00
brm_645765
1046
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Type : Denier
Date: 38 AC.
Mint name / Town : Athènes
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 950 ‰
Diameter : 19,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 3,79 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Très bel exemplaire recouvert d’une patine de collection ancienne

Obverse


Obverse legend : III. VIR. R. P. C. COS. DESIG. ITER. TERT.
Obverse description : Tête radiée de Sol à droite sous les traits de Marc Antoine (O).
Obverse translation : “Triumvir Rei Publicæ Constituendæ Consul Designatus iterum tertium”, (Triumvir pour la restauration de la République, Consul désigné pour la troisième fois).

Reverse


Reverse legend : M. ANTONIVS M. F. - M. N. AVGVR. IMP TER.
Reverse description : Marc Antoine, en augure, voilé et drapé debout à droite, tenant un lituus de la main droite.
Reverse translation : “Marcus Antonius Marci filius Marcus nepos Augurus Imperator tertium”, (Marc Antoine, fils de Marc, petit-fils de Marc, augure, imperator pour la troisième fois).

Commentary


Pour ce type, M. Crawford a relevé une estimation inférieure à trente coins pour le droit et une estimation de trente-trois coins pour le revers. A contrario des principaux auteurs, Crawford et Sear, nous considérons que le droit est bien la tête de Sol et non pas Marc Antoine en augure.

Historical background


MARC ANTOINE

(83-30 BC) Marcus Antonius

Antoine, born before 83 J. C-. Was a staunch supporter of Caesar. He served under his command in Gaul, was one of his lieutenants during the Civil War (49-45 before J. C-. ) And donned his first consulship with him (before 44 J. C-. ). At his death, Antoine received a "Imperium maius" to Gaul (Cisalpine and Transalpine). After the siege of Mutina and killing two consuls (Pansa and Hirtius), he formed the second triumvirate with Octavian and Lepidus and favored the proscriptions (death of Cicero, 43 J before. C-. ). He deified Caesar before 42 J. C-. and participated in the Battle of Philippi where Brutus and Cassius were killed. Antoine, 41-J before. C-. , Went to Asia Minor after the Parthian invasion of the previous year in Syria. Antoine met for the first time Cleopatra in Alexandria. After the war of Perugia where his brother was disavowed, he reconciled with Octave and married his sister Octavia. Peace of Misenum devoted a standstill with Sextus Pompey (39 J before. C-. ). Pact Taranto, 37 J before. C-. , Renewed the Triumvirate. Antoine had married Cleopatra in 37 or 36 before J. C-. At 34, he celebrated a triumph in Alexandria after his brilliant Armenian campaign, followed by the famous "Donation of Alexandria". Antony divorced Octavia in 32 before J. C-. Octave and published in Rome testament of Antoine. This marked the beginning of open hostilities between the two men, hostilities were ended by the battle of Actium (31 J before. C-. ) And suicides, the following year, Mark Antony and Cleopatra. Egypt became a Roman province.

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