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E-auction 362-275740 - II REPUBLIC Médaille du Major Martin - École de la Martinière

II REPUBLIC Médaille du Major Martin - École de la Martinière AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 100 €
Price : 20 €
Maximum bid : 22 €
End of the sale : 23 March 2020 18:45:30
bidders : 5 bidders
Type : Médaille du Major Martin - École de la Martinière
Date: n.d.
Mint name / Town : 69 - Lyon
Metal : copper
Diameter : 50,5 mm
Engraver DANTZELLE F.
Weight : 62,84 g.
Edge : lisse + Abeille CUIVRE
Puncheon : (abeille) CUIVRE
Coments on the condition:
Présence de coups et rayures. Patine marron

Obverse


Obverse legend : CL. MARTIN - FONDATEUR - LABORE ET CONSTANTIA.
Obverse description : Tête à droite. Signé : DANTZELL F..

Reverse


Reverse legend : ÉCOLE DES SCIENCES ET ARTS INDUSTRIELS DE LYON / LA MARTINIERE.
Reverse description : Couronne de chêne.

Commentary


Claude Martin, né à Lyon (France) le 4 janvier 1735 et mort à Lucknow (Inde) le 13 septembre 1800 est un soldat français de la Compagnie française des Indes orientales, puis de la Compagnie anglaise des Indes orientales (CAIO). Il amasse une grande fortune qu'il consacra à la création, après sa mort, de trois écoles à Calcutta, Lucknow et Lyon, toutes trois appelées “a Martinière”.

La Martinière fut un bref instant dans le palais Saint-Pierre (musée de peinture de Lyon) puis en 1832-1833 transférée dans l'ancien cloître des Augustins vers les Terreaux. Aujourd'hui il existe aussi La Martinière-Duchère, La Martinière-Monplaisir.
Le Major Martin légua aussi des sommes pour construire la Martinière-Lucknow (Inde) et un autre établissement à Calcutta. Mais les deux institutions "historiques" furent celles de Lyon (Augustins) et Lucknow avec la même devise : Labore et Constantia. .

Historical background


SECOND REPUBLIC

(24/02/1848-2/12/1852)

During the revolution of February 1848, Louis-Philippe abdicated in favor of his grandson, son, but it is not recognized by the Chambers, February 24, the Republic was proclaimed by a decree of the Provisional Government. It proclaimed the freedom of labor, the abolition of the death penalty in politics, universal suffrage. National workshops were created in March 1848. Elections were held in April and lead to the success of moderate Republicans. The closing of the national workshops causes riots are quelled by General Cavaignac who is appointed Chairman of the Board. The rebels were executed, imprisoned, deported. The legislative power is vested in a single meeting as President of the Republic, elected by universal suffrage, holds executive. The latter is the Prince Louis Napoleon. It conflicts with the meeting in 1850 for his re-election is unconstitutional. Louis Napoleon then engages in the preparation of the coup, which enables him Dec. 2, 1851, to install a dictatorship. In November 1852, it is proposed to restore the hereditary imperial dignity. The plebiscite of November 21-22 gives nearly eight million yes for the Empire while not only collected about 250. 000 votes. December 2, 1852, Louis Napoleon was proclaimed emperor under the name of Napoleon III.

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